Course detail

Discrete Methods in Civil Engineering II

FAST-DA59OptionalDoctoral (3rd cycle)Acad. year: 2017/2018Winter semester2. year of study10  credits

The discipline is devoted to description of processes via discrete equations. It consists of three parts:
a) Stability of solutions. Stability of numerical algorithms.
b) Application of difference equations.
c) Control of processes using difference equations.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Not applicable.

Mode of delivery

20 % face-to-face, 80 % distance learning


The ability to orientate in the basic notions and problems of discrete and difference equations. Solving problems in the areas cited in the annotation.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Saber, Elaydi, N.: An Introduction to Difference Equations. Springer-Verlag 2010

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

a)Stability of equilibrium points. Kinds of stabily and instability.
b)Stability of linear systems with the variable matrix.
c)Stability of nonlinear systems via linearization.
d)Ljapunov direct method of stability.
e)Phase analysis of two-dimensional linear discrete system with constant matrix, classification of equilibrium points.
f) Application of difference equations
g)Discrete equivalents of continuous systems.
h)Discrete control theory.
i)The controllability and the complete controllability.
j)Matrix of controllability, the canonical forms of controllability, controllable canonical form, construction of the control algorithm. k)Observability, complete observability, nononservability, principle of duality, the observability matrix, canonical forms of observability, relation of controllability and observability.
l)Stabilization of control by feedback.


The purpose of continuation of this course is analysis of stability of linear and non-linear discrete systems and methods of their applications.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Type of course unit



39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer