Course detail

Design of Instruments I

FSI-TK1Acad. year: 2020/2021

The course introduces students to the design of basic optical systems and devices so that they will be able to design elementary instruments.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will be made familiar with concrete optical components, with their mounting in the mechanical parts. They will be made familiar also with the specific optical devices and with their design and mounting. They will gain the fundamental overview of the field.


Refractive index, Snell's law, dispersion, light refraction in plan-parallel plate, Gaussian space, graphic determination of the image position, lens maker’s equation (Newton, Gauss, Gullstrand), spherical faces, lenses, Fresnel equations for refraction, mirrors, aberrations of optical systems.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Keprt, E.: Teorie optických přístrojů I, II
Yoder, P.: Mounting optics in optical instruments, SPIE Bellingham, 2008
Harna, Z.: Přesná mechanika
Edwards, K., McKee R.: Fundamentals of mechanical component design, McGraw-Hill, 1991.
Havelka, B.: Geometrická optika II
Yoder, P.: Mounting optics in optical instruments, SPIE Bellingham, 2008
Harna, Z.: Přesná mechanika.
Havelka, B.: Geometrická optika II
Tryliński, W.: Fine mechanisms and precision instruments: principles of design. Pergamon, 1971.
Glézl, Š.-Kamarád, J.-Slimák, I.: Presná mechanika
norma ISO 10110
Van Hell,AC.s.: Advanced Optical Techniques
De Silva, C. W.: Sensors and actuators: Engineering system instrumentation. CRC Press, 2015
Glézl, Š.-Kamarád, J.-Slimák, I.: Presná mechanika
norma ISO 10110

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Active participation in seminars and three written tests.
Exam: written.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the basic properties of optical materials from the optics point of view, processes taking place at the interface of the optically isotropic environments, and properties of real optical components and their combination. Students will be able to apply this basic knowledge of geometrical optics in design and construction of optical systems.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance at practicals is obligatory. Absence may be compensated for by the agreement with the teacher depending on the length of absence.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2A-P Master's

    branch M-PMO , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme N-FIN-P Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Eye and vision
Basic optical components
Cameras, detectors and digital optics
Principle of function and types of telescopes
Riflescope design
Principle of microscope
Principle of the objective imaging devices
Photographic cameras

Computer-assisted exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


PC support of the course - design and drawings of selected apparatuses.