Course detail

Geophysics and Geodynamics

FAST-HE02Acad. year: 2020/2021

Subject of geophysics studies, placing of the Earth in space, Earth´s motions, fundamental physical laws.
Basics of theory of fields, scalar and vector field, gradient, divergency and rotation of field quantities. Gravitational potential, intensity of gravity field of a mass point, homogeneous sphere, and general body.
Basics of spherical functions theory.
Gravity field of the Earth, its intensity and potential, expansion of potential into spherical functions. Field of Earth´s gravitational force and its potential. Level surfaces of the gravity force potential. Normal Earth´s gravity force field, normal gravitational acceleration, its reductions. Fay and Bouguer anomalies. Basics of gravimetry, types and principles of gravity meters.
Fundamental equation of physical geodesy, geoid and quasigeoid.
Physical fundamentals of seismic phenomena, registration and parameters of earthquakes, model of the Earth, discontinuity surfaces. Magnetic and electric field of the Earth. Geomagnetic and geoelectric surveys.

Department

Institute of Geodesy (GED)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The Student manages aim of teaching of geophysics and geodynamics if knowledge of physical processes and properties of the Earth body, and of methods for determination of basic geophysical parameters will be adequate

Prerequisites

Knowledge of fundamentals of theory of physical fields. Knowledge of the fundamentals of geology and Remote Sensing. Knowledge of fundamentals of theoretical geodesy.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Bullen, K.E.: Introduction to the Theory of Seismology. Cambridge University Press, 1953. (EN)
Andreev, B.A. , Kljušin, I.G.: Geologičeskoje istolkovanie gravitacionnych anomalii. Moskva, Nedra, 1965. (RU)
Burša, M., Pěč, K.: Tíhové pole a dynamika Země. ACADEMIA, Praha, 1988. (CS)
Pospíšil, L, Šutora, A.: PRAKTICKÁ GEOFYZIKA, Učební texty pro geodety, GRAVIMETRIE. Akademické nakladatelství CERM, s.r.o. Brno, 2002. (CS)
Pospíšil, L, Šutora, A.: PRAKTICKÁ GEOFYZIKA, Učební texty pro geodety, ÚVOD DO UŽITÉ GEOFYZIKY. Akademické nakladatelství CERM, s.r.o. Brno, 2003. (CS)
Pospíšil L.: Geofyzika a geodynamika, MODUL #1 , HE02 - GEOFYZIKA A GEODYNAMIKA. VUT, Fakulta stavební, Brno, 2007. (CS)
(CS)
Wiegel, R.: Earthquake Engineering. Prentice Hall, 1970. (EN)
Mareš S. , et al.: Úvod do užité geofyziky. SNTL a ALFA. Praha, 1979. (CS)
Mareš, S. a kol.: Geofyzikální metody v hydrogeologii a inženýrské geologii. SNTL/Alfa, Praha, 1983. (CS)
Ochaba, Š.: GEOFYZIKA. Základy fyziky Země a jej okolia. SPN - Bratislava, 1986. (SK)
Sheriff, R.E.: Geophysical methods. Prentice Hall, N.J., 1989. (EN)
Telford, W. M., Geldart L. P., and Sheriff R. E.: Applied Geophysics, 2nd ed.. Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Burger, H. R.: Exploration Geophysics of the Shallow Subsurface. Prentice Hall P. T., 1992. (EN)
LaCoste & Romberg: General Catalog. Austin, Texas, 1997.
Schenk, V., and Schenková, Z.: Maps of Seismic Zones in Recent Czech National Codes. Journal of Exploration Geophysics, Remote Sensing and Environment: ročník IV. No. 2/1997, Brno, 1997. (EN)
Lillie, R.J.: Whole Earth Geophysics. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1999. (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Subject of geophysics, placing of the Earth in space, Earth´s motions, fundamental physical laws.
2. Basics of theory of fields, scalar and vector field.
3. Gravitational potential, gravity field of a mass point, sphere, and general body.
4. Basics of spherical functions theory.
5. Gravity field of the Earth, its intensity and potential, expansion of potential into spherical functions.
6. Field of Earth´s gravitational force and its potential. Level surfaces of the gravity force potential.
7. Normal Earth´s gravity force field, normal gravitational acceleration.
8. Reductions of gravity acceleration. Fay and Bouguer anomalies.
9. Basics of gravimetry, types and principles of gravity meters.
10. Fundamental equation of physical geodesy, geoid and quasigeoid.
11. Physical fundamentals of seismic phenomena, registration and parameters of earthquakes, model of the Earth, discontinuity surfaces.
12. Magnetic and electric field of the Earth.
13. Geomagnetic and geoelectric surveys.

Aims

Knowledge of physical properties of the Earth body, and of methods for determination of basic geophysical parameters.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-P-C-GK Master's

    branch GD , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer