Course detail

Natural Language Processing (in English)

FIT-ZPJaAcad. year: 2019/2020

Foundations of the natural language processing, historical perspective, statistical NLP and modern era dominated by machine learning and, specifically, deep neural networks. Meaning of individual words, lexicology and lexicography, word senses and neural architectures for computing word embeddings, word sense classification and inferrence. Constituency and dependency parsing, syntactic ambiguity, neural dependency parsers. Language modeling and its applications in general architectures. Machine translation, historical perspective on the statistical approach, neural translation and evaluation scores. End-to-end models, attention mechanisms, limits of current seq2seq models. Question answering based on neural models, information extraction components, text understanding challenges, learning by reading and machine comprehension. Text classification and its modern applications, convolutional neural networks for sentence classification. Language-independent representations, non-standard texts from social networks, representing parts of words, subword models. Contextual representations and pretraining for context-dependent language modules. Transformers and self-attention for generative models. Communication agents and natural language generation. Coreference resolution and its interconnection to other text understanding components.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The students will get acquainted with natural language processing and will understand a range of neural network models that are commonly applied in the field. They will also grasp basics of neural implementations of attention mechanisms and sequence embedding models and how these modular components can be combined to build state of the art NLP systems. They will be able to implement and to evaluate common neural network models for various NLP applications.
Students will improve their programming skills and their knowledge and practical experience with tools for deep learning as well as with general processing of textual data.

Prerequisites

Good knowledge of artificial neural network models and Python programming.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Géron, Aurélien. Hands-on machine learning with Scikit-Learn and TensorFlow: concepts, tools, and techniques to build intelligent systems. " O'Reilly Media, Inc.", 2017.
Raaijmakers, Stephan. Deep Learning for Natural Language Processing. Manning, 2019.
Goldberg, Yoav. "Neural network methods for natural language processing." Synthesis Lectures on Human Language Technologies 10, no. 1 (2017): 1-309.
Deng, Li, and Yang Liu, eds. Deep Learning in Natural Language Processing. Springer, 2018.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

  • Mid-term test - up to 9 points
  • Individual project - up to 40 points
  • Written final exam - up to 51 points

Exam prerequisites:
  • Realized individual project

Language of instruction

English

Work placements

Not applicable.

Aims

To understand natural language processing and to learn how to apply modern machine learning methods in this field. To get acquainted with advanced deep learning architectures that proved to be successful in various NLP tasks. To

understand the use of neural networks for sequential language
modelling, to understand  their use as conditional language models for
transduction tasks, and to approaches employing these
techniques in combination with other mechanisms for advanced
applications.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The evaluation includes mid-term test, individual project, and the final exam. The mid-term test does not have a correction option, the final exam has two possible correction runs.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme IT-MGR-2 Master's

    branch MBI , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory-optional
    branch MPV , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    branch MGM , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional

  • Programme IT-MGR-2 Master's

    branch MGMe , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional

  • Programme IT-MGR-2 Master's

    branch MSK , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    branch MIS , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    branch MBS , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    branch MIN , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    branch MMM , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional

  • Programme MITAI Master's

    specialization NADE , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NBIO , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NGRI , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NNET , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NVIZ , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NCPS , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NSEC , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NEMB , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NHPC , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NISD , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NIDE , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NISY , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NMAL , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NMAT , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NSEN , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NVER , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional
    specialization NSPE , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme IT-MGR-1H Master's

    branch MGH , any year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, recommended

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus


  1. Introduction, history of NLP, and modern approaches based on deep learning
  2. Word senses and word vector
  3. Dependency parsing
  4. Language models
  5. Machine translation
  6. Seq2seq models and attention
  7. Question answering
  8. Convolutional neural networks for sentence classification
  9. Information from parts of words: Subword models
  10. Modeling contexts of use: Contextual representations and pretraining
  11. Transformers and self-attention for generative models 
  12. Natural language generation 
  13. Coreference resolution

Projects

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus


  • Individually assigned project

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