FIT-IAMAcad. year: 2019/2020
The course is a follow-up to compulsory mathematical courses at FIT. Students learn how to use mathematics methods on several subjects closely related to computer science. These are mainly number theory and its application in cryptography, basic set theory and logic, logical systems and decision procedures with applications in e.g. databases or software engineering, probability, statistics, and their applications in the analysis of probabilistic systems and artificial intelligence.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The ability to exactly and formally specify and solve problems, formally prove claims; also better understanding of the basic mathematical concepts, an overview of several areas of mathematics important in computer science.
Improving the abilities of exact thinking, expressing ideas, and using a mathematical apparatus.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
R. Smullyan. First-Order Logic. Dover, 1995.
B. Balcar, P. Štěpánek. Teorie množin. Academia, 2005.
C. M. Grinstead, J. L. Snell. Introduction to probability. American Mathematical Soc., 2012.
G. Chartrand, A. D. Polimeni, P. Zhang. Mathematical Proofs: A Transition to Advanced Mathematics, 2013
J. Hromkovič. Algorithmic adventures: from knowledge to magic. Dordrecht: Springer, 2009.
Steven Roman. Lattices and Ordered Sets, Springer-Verlag New York, 2008.
A. Doxiadis, C. Papadimitriou. Logicomix: An Epic Search for Truth. Bloomsbury, 2009.
A.R. Bradley, Z. Manna. The Calculus of Computation. Springer, 2007.
D. P. Bertsekas, J. N. Tsitsiklis. Introduction to Probability, Athena, 2008. Scientific
M. Huth, M. Ryan. Logic in Computer Science. Modelling and Reasoning about Systems. Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Two tests, midterm and final (25 points per test), activity during exercises (5 points per exercise).
Obtaining at least 50 points from the 100 possible (50 tests, 50 exercises).
Language of instruction
- Practice mathematical writing and thinking, formulation of problems and solving them,
- obtain deeper insight into several areas of mathematics with applications in computer science,
- learn on examples that complicated mathematics can lead to useful algorithms and tools.
Type of course unit
26 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
- Propositional logic. Syntax and semantics. Proof techniques for propositional logic: syntax tables, natural deduction, resolution. (Ondřej Lengál)
- Predicate logic. Syntax and semantics. Proof techniques for predicate logic: semantic tables, natural deduction. (Ondřej Lengál)
- Predicate logic. Craig interpolation. Important theories. Undecidability. Higher order logic. (Ondřej Lengál)
- Decision procedures in logic: Classical decision procedures for arithmetics over integers and over rationals. (Lukáš Holík)
- Automata-based decision procedures for arithmetics and for WS1S (Lukáš Holík)
- Decision procedures for combined theories. (Lukáš Holík)
- Axioms of set theory, the axiom of choice. Countable and uncountable sets, cardinal numbers. (Dana Hliněná)
- Application of number theory in cryptography. (Dana Hliněná)
- Number theory: prime numbers, Fermat's little theorem, Euler's function. (Dana Hliněná)
- Advanced combinatorics: inclusion and exclusion, Dirichlet's principle, chosen combinatorial theorems. (Milan Češka)
- Conditional probability, statistical inference, Bayesian networks. (Milan Češka)
- Probabilistic processes: Markov and Poisson process. Applications in informatics: quantitative analysis, performance analysis.
18 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
- Proofs in propositional logic.
- Proofs in predicate logic.
- Theories and proofs in them.
- Decision procedures.
- Computer labs 1.
- Automata decision procedures and combination theories.
- Computer labs 2.
- Proofs in set theory, Cantor's diagonalization, matching, Hilbert's hotel.
- Prime numbers and cryptography, RSA, DSA, cyphers.
- Proofs in number theory, Chinese remainder theorem.
- Proofs in combinatorics.
- Conditional probability and statistical inference in practice.
Exercise in computer lab
8 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
- Proving programs corrects in VCC.
- SAT and SMT solvers.
- Tools MONA and Vampire.
- Analysis of probabilistic systems, PRISM.