Course detail

FCH-BC_FPOAcad. year: 2018/2019

The knowledge of cell morphology, physiology and all factors influencing the growth, reproduction and production of metabolites is a prerequisite for successful biotechnology applications. In the lectures students will be acquainted with the theory of morphology and physiology of industrial microorganisms. Attention will be paid to prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. The course will discussed physiology of growth of microbial cells and cell differentiation. Metabolism of the microbial cells and transport mechanisms of the cell will also be discussed including the introduction of basic regulatory mechanisms and the possibility of regulation of microbial metabolic processes. Finally, the course will describe influence of environmental factors on the physiology of industrial microorganisms. Students will be acquainted with different types of cellular responses including behavior of microorganisms for a particular purpose. In particular, possibilities for biosynthetic, biodegradation or biotransformation properties of the microorganisms used will be described.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will be able to design of the technological process with regard to the physiological properties of the microorganism. This knowledge that will enable them to succeed in both the traditional and the newly developed field of biotechnology.


Students should have basic knowledge of microbiology and biochemistry.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

ROSE, Anthony H. Chemical microbiology: an introduction to microbial physiology. Third edition. New York: Plenum Press, 1976. ISBN 03-063-0888-6. (CS)
MOAT, Albert G., John Watkins. FOSTER a Michael P. SPECTOR. Microbial physiology. 4th ed. New York: Wiley-Liss, c2002. ISBN 04-713-9483-1. (CS)
Manual of industrial microbiology and biotechnology. 2nd ed. Washington: ASM Press, 1999. ISBN 1-55581-128-0. (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course uses teaching methods in form of Lecture - 2 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Examination is written and oral. The student had to proof the understanding of the subject matter.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Introduction to physiology of microorganisms
2. Morgology nad physiology of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
3. Physiology of growth of the microbial cells
4. Cell differentiation
5. Metabolism of the microbial cells
6. Transport systems of the cells
7. The types of cell reaction
8. Influence of environmental factors on the physiology of microorganisms
9. Behavior of microorganicm for a particular purpose
10. Fundamental control mechanisms of the cell, regulation of metabolic processes


The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the management of industrial microorganisms through knowledge of their morphology, physiology and factors affecting their growth and production of major industrial metabolites.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance at lectures is not compulsory, but is recommended.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BKCP_CHTP Bachelor's

    branch BKCO_BT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme BPCP_CHTP Bachelor's

    branch BPCO_BT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme BKCP_CHTP Bachelor's

    branch BKCO_PCH , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme BPCP_CHTP Bachelor's

    branch BPCO_CHP , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer