Course detail

Optimization of Building Materials Use

FAST-CJ011Acad. year: 2018/2019

The multicriterial deciding process, commercial-technical services of building materials manufacturers. Demands for materials for vertical structures, technological criteria and optimal state. Materials for walls. Horizontal structures: demands for material, variants of materials and the analysis of their criteria. Roofs: qualification of function and material variants of roof cover. Classification, purpose and criteria of surface treatment and the optimization of material variants. Materials for external drainage, concrete tile pavement. Dynamic calculation of mass production of building materials, energetic demands. Evaluation of building materials from the point of view of environment, the solution of handling and recycling of waste materials. The influence of radon and measures to decrease the activity of the object.
The part of lectures is accompanied with exercises, which have partially a calculation character.

Department

Institute of Technology of Building Materials and Components (THD)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Successful completion of the training course will provide students the ability to self-assessment of utility in the construction industry using multi-criteria optimization of resources. At the same time learn about the important criteria in determining their fitness for the intended application. In this process, applied all the criteria currently used for product certification. In particular, the criterion of mechanical strength and stability, fire safety, hygiene and health protection, safety in use, protection against noise, energy saving and the use of thermal insulation and impact of building materials on the environment. Comprehensive assessment refers to the evaluation of optimal variants of the construction materials for the application.

Prerequisites

knowledge in the branch of Material Engineering

Co-requisites

In parallel with this subject the student in-depth knowledge about the technologies and properties of building materials under study. This increases the breadth of applications studied subject.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures, practical classes and self-study assignments. Attendance at lectures is optional, but attendance at classes is compulsory.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

In the labs, students hand in leading exercise 5 reports on the physical measurements and a test.
The test is compulsory written part where the student demonstrates the ability to resolve separate example of the theory of optimization. To proceed to compulsory oral is necessary to achieve at least a three points of 6 possible. To pass the oral examination is necessary to answer two questions in the case of a tie, a student asked additional questions.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1.Introduction into problems of building products use optimization.
2.Problems of quality control and description of general properties of building materials and building structures.
3.The process of optimization – mathematical model.
4.Demanded technical properties of building materials and building structures. Durability of building materials – general principles.
5.Vertical building structures.
6.Horizontal building structures.
7.Roof structures.
8.Surface treatment of building structures.
9.Products for external surfaces and external draining.
10.Environment, the problems of building material recycling. Energetic demands of building structures.

Aims

Comprehension of profound principles of building materials composition in the building work, interaction of their properties in scope of the system, which fulfils the demands on mechanical bearing capacity and stability of structures, hygienic criteria, thermal protection of buildings and sound insulation when loaded by noise. Composition of aims and evaluation of the optimal material arrangement under multi-criteria demands, environmental questions in the use of building materials

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-P-C-SI (N) Master's

    branch M , 2. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme N-P-E-SI (N) Master's

    branch M , 2. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme N-K-C-SI (N) Master's

    branch M , 2. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1.Introduction into problems of building products use optimization.
2.Problems of quality control and description of general properties of building materials and building structures.
3.The process of optimization – mathematical model.
4.Demanded technical properties of building materials and building structures. Durability of building materials – general principles.
5.Vertical building structures.
6.Horizontal building structures.
7.Roof structures.
8.Surface treatment of building structures.
9.Products for external surfaces and external draining.
10.Environment, the problems of building material recycling. Energetic demands of building structures.

seminars

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. introduction, introduction to the practice and the conditions for granting credit,
2. Examples of optimization, multi-criteria optimization problem formulation,
3. formulation of multiobjective tasks with the relevant performance requirements of building materials,
4. decomposition of objectives, setting the objective function and restrictive conditions
5. build decision-making matrix, calculating the weighting of the criteria,
6. decision making under conditions of uncertainty, the application of Bayes' criteria
7. Saatyho solution matrix method of quantitative pairwise comparison,
8. other ways of solving matrix optimization matrix,
9. assessment of the results, verify the applicability of building materials for the intended purpose,
10. check individual assignments students and credit.

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