Course detail

Technology of Constructions I

FAST-TW01Acad. year: 2018/2019

The task of the construction engineering is not only to plan the building correctly but also to execute it in high quality and reasonably. The topic of construction execution is part of the Construction Technology field. The technology deals with methods and procedures of an optimum building process execution. In order to be modeled technologically, time-wise and in resource aspects, optimized and successfully controlled, the processes must be studied first.
The course includes the study of the construction processes connected with the primary construction production. This means construction demarcation, technological regulation process and connection during the individual technological stages of earthworks, superstructure and subgrade construction and facing mythe. They solve its technological, spatial and time structures, sequence, workplace preparation, mutual continuation, duality and environmental requirements.

Department

Institute of Technology, Mechanisation and Construction Management (TST)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

After taking the course, the students will be able to apply their knowledge of construction and technology principles on the process of superstructure and subgrade construction on a specific construction.
In the duration of the course the students will acquire theoretical knowledge from the field of production process modeling , they will use detailed instructions to apply them in a case study, they will use the instructions for outcome preparation and they will elaborate:
Technical regulations for earthworks, cubic capacity calculation for topsoil removal, ditch excavation and groove excavation, proposal for building machinery use for the earthworks, evaluation of the machinery suitability, mapping a scheme of machinery for the topsoil removal movement on the construction site, ditch and groove excavation, time plan for the earthworks.
Technological regulations for the shallow foundations, framework foundation cut in traditional foundation including the description of the individual parts of the framework.
Technological regulations for walling and related designs – floor plan, one floor cut depicting the walling procedure, scaffolding localization, material storage, time plan for walling.
Technological regulations for construction of the reinforced concrete floor slab in a system framework, framework design (floor plan, cut through the framework construction), selected construction details.
Technological regulations of the roof trussing with the proposal for wood protection against fire and vermin – schematic draft of the roof trussing and its installation procedure, joints details.

Prerequisites

Knowledge of the building design principles.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Students can also choose from the wide range of seminars and lectures by professional constructors, field trips to production and construction sites and other events organized for students by the institute. Not obligatory.

Recommended or required reading

Prof. Musil, Ing. Tuza: Ateliérová tvorba – stavebně technologické projekty. CERM Brno, 1992. ISBN 80-214-0335-7. (CS)
Prof.Jarský, Prof. Musil: Příprava a realizace staveb. CERM Brno, 2003. ISBN 80-7204-282-3. (CS)
Mgr. Petr Lízal, CSc. a kolektiv: Technologie stavebních procesů pozemních staveb, Úvod do technologie, hrubá spodní stavba. CERM Brno, 2003. ISBN 80-214-2536-9. (CS)
Doc. Ing. Vít Motyčka, CSc. a kolektiv: Technologie stavebních procesů pozemních staveb, část 2 Hrubá vrchní stavba. CERM, 2003. ISBN 80-214-2873-2. (CS)
Ing. Radka Kantová a kolektiv pracovníků TST: Technologie staveb I, průvodce předmětem TW01 a zpřístupněné opory předmětů AW51,BW01,BW51,BW04. intranet FAST, studijní opora, 2011. [https://intranet.fce.vutbr.cz/pedagog/predmety/opory.asp] (CS)
Prof. Zapletal, Prof. Musil a kol.: Technologie staveb – dokončovací práce. 0.
Prof. Musil, Ing. Henková, Ing. Nováková: Technologie pozemních staveb, Návody do cvičení. CERM Brno, 1992. ISBN 80-214-0490-6. (CS)
Doc. Ing. Vít Motyčka, CSc.: Věžové jeřáby v pozemním stavitelství. CERM, 2007.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.
The course is divided into lectures and seminars.
In the seminars the students will be given individual assignments and they will work on their projects. The outcomes will be checked by controlled and individual consultations with the teacher. The seminars will include two field trips on constructions, which are nearly finished.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Lecture attendance is recommended. Seminars attendance is obligatory and checked, because of the topics extension the teacher can excuse only one legitimate absence. The credit will be awarded the last week of the semester, only in exceptional cases can the teacher set an alternative date. All the submitted parts of the seminary work with a uniform layout will be put into a folder of an A4 format, the details studies will be drawn in hand.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Introduction into the scientific branch of the technology of constructions. Analysis of building processes. Principles of modelling of building processes, process design.
2. Earth work processes. Laying-out of the building, definition of the foundation pit, trenches, wells. Manners and procedures of their execution. Applicable mechanization.
3. Processes of building foundation. Technology principles and procedures at execution of shallow and deep foundations. Manner of anchorage of superstructures into the foundations, quantitative conditions.
4. Concrete structure casings – element, system and special. Principles of design, static assessment and execution. Economic evaluation.
5. Processes of reinforcement of reinforced concrete structures. Preparation of reinforcement, technology lines. Principles of placing of reinforcement into casing, covering of reinforcement by concrete. 6. Concrete mixing processes. Production, haulage, deposit and treatment of fresh concrete. Hardening control, principles of casing removal. Technology breaks.
7. Masonry processes. Principles of execution of walling of bricks, shaped bricks and stone. Principle rules of the walling bonds. Module, technology and quality requirements. Organisational and time structure.
8. Assembly of timber structures and buildings. Execution of classical and new trusses, glued timber structures and their assembly.
9.Timber buildings, principles of production and assembly. Quality requirements.
10. Erection of enclosing shells and roof claddings. Assembly principles and procedures of silicate sandwich, small unit and metal-plastic claddings.
11. Installation of small unit coverings, quality inspection.
12. Execution of roof plumber works incl. metal coverings and on the house façade. Readiness of construction, sequence of processes, fixing and joining, quality requirements.
13. Working and protective scaffoldings. Types, division. Working procedures and assembly principles for segment, element and spatial scaffoldings. Scaffolding design, static assessment, stability and safety measures.

Aims

The main objective of the course is to teach the students to apply the individual selected processes for superstructure and subgrade construction in practice and to solve specific problems on practical models. The course deals with the methods and optimal creation of selected production processes. That includes the study of construction processes connected primarily with the constructional operations. That means demarcation of the constructed buildings, principles of the technology processes regulations and connection during the execution of the earthworks technology stage, superstructure and subgrade construction and the facing mythe. The students will elaborate the technological, spatial and time structure, sequence, construction site preparation, mutual continuity and duality and environmental requirements.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-P-C-A Master's

    branch ARS , 1. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory
    branch ARS , 1. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Introduction into the scientific branch of the technology of constructions. Analysis of building processes. Principles of modelling of building processes, process design.
2. Earth work processes. Laying-out of the building, definition of the foundation pit, trenches, wells. Manners and procedures of their execution. Applicable mechanization.
3. Processes of building foundation. Technology principles and procedures at execution of shallow and deep foundations. Manner of anchorage of superstructures into the foundations, quantitative conditions.
4. Concrete structure casings – element, system and special. Principles of design, static assessment and execution. Economic evaluation.
5. Processes of reinforcement of reinforced concrete structures. Preparation of reinforcement, technology lines. Principles of placing of reinforcement into casing, covering of reinforcement by concrete. 6. Concrete mixing processes. Production, haulage, deposit and treatment of fresh concrete. Hardening control, principles of casing removal. Technology breaks.
7. Masonry processes. Principles of execution of walling of bricks, shaped bricks and stone. Principle rules of the walling bonds. Module, technology and quality requirements. Organisational and time structure.
8. Assembly of timber structures and buildings. Execution of classical and new trusses, glued timber structures and their assembly.
9.Timber buildings, principles of production and assembly. Quality requirements.
10. Erection of enclosing shells and roof claddings. Assembly principles and procedures of silicate sandwich, small unit and metal-plastic claddings.
11. Installation of small unit coverings, quality inspection.
12. Execution of roof plumber works incl. metal coverings and on the house façade. Readiness of construction, sequence of processes, fixing and joining, quality requirements.
13. Working and protective scaffoldings. Types, division. Working procedures and assembly principles for segment, element and spatial scaffoldings. Scaffolding design, static assessment, stability and safety measures.

seminars

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Materials for the term project
Seminar: Organization instructions, individual project assignment, technological regulations
Outcome: Choice of the construction to practice the assigned works, necessary construction plans, template for further elaboration of the technological regulations.
2. Earthworks – part 1
Seminars: Earthworks processes, cubic capacity measuring methods, mechanization choice
Outcome: Technological regulation, cubic capacity measuring for the topsoil removal, ditch excavation and groove excavation, construction machinery proposal for the earthworks.
3. Earthworks – part 2
Seminar: Consultation of the part of work assigned in the first seminar, machinery suitability verification, time demands – norm hours, machinery performance, partial and secondary earthwork processes operation
Outcome: Evaluation of the machinery suitability, design of the construction site transport for topsoil removal, ditch excavation and groove excavation, time plan
4. Foundations
Seminars: The process of reinforced concrete foundation construction execution, regulations for frameworks
Outcome: Technological regulations for shallow foundation construction, cut though the framework foundations in traditional framework including the description of the framework parts
5. Monolithic ceiling
Seminars: Framework system, project and execution regulations for ceiling framework constructions
Outcomes: Technological regulation, frameworks plan (floor plan, cut through the construction), selected construction details
6. Field trip – seeing the execution of selected technological construction processes
7. Checking the assigned works
8. Walling – part 1
Seminar: Walling processes, process of one floor walling of the designed construction
Outcome: Technological regulation (with special attention to the cubic capacity)
9. Walling- part 2
Seminar: Walling processes, walling of first and second height, auxiliary processes - scaffolding construction, working, material and transport zones for walling, walling and scaffolding works safety and security
Outcomes: Drafts - floor plan, cut though one floor with depicted walling processes, scaffolding localization, material storage, time plan
10. Roof framing installation
Seminar: The process of purling roof installation, roof frames of low-cost systems and trussing roof types, work security in heights and above depth
11. Roof framing installation - part 2
Seminar: Installation process, different ways of connecting elements
Outcome: Draft - schematic roof framing plan and the installation process, joints details
12. Final consultation
13. Credit