Course detail

Physical Chemistry I

FCH-BCA_FCH1Acad. year: 2018/2019

Subject of thermodynamics, basic terminology. State behaviour of gases. Internal energy and its meaning. 1st law of thermodynamics. Enthalpy, thermal capacities. Thermochemistry. Carnot cycle. Entropy. Irreversible processes. Second law of thermodynamics. Meaning and measuring of entropy. Joined formulations of the first and second laws. Thermodynamic quantities as functions. Gibbs and Helmholtz energy. Equilibrium and their criteria. Chemical potential, fugacity. Third law of thermodynamics. Phase equilibria, diagrams, criteria of phase equilibrium. Thermodynamics of solutions, activity, standard states. Chemical equilibria, extent of reaction, reaction Gibbs ebergy, reaction isotherm, equilibrium constant. Electrolyte solutions. Solution conductivity, velocity of ions. Principles of theory of interaction between ions. Electrolysis, Faraday laws. Electrolytic and galvanic cells, electrodes, electrode potential, electromotive force. Nernst equation. Types of electrodes and cells. Electrochemistry in practice.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Ability to describe and explain behavior of chemically reacting as well as non-reacting (multiphase) systems using the quantities, principles and equations of thermodynamics and to explain behavior and properties of aqueous solutions of electrolytes and how to explore their ability to conduct electrical current.

Prerequisites

Basic undergraduate mathematics (calculus) and physics (mechanics, electrostatic field, electric current).

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Pekař M.: Přednášky z termodynamiky a elektrochemie. FCH VUT v Brně, Brno 2014 (CS)
Novák J. a kol.: Fyzikální chemie - bakalářský a magisterský kurz. VŠCHT, Praha 2008. (CS)
Malijevský A. a kol.: Breviář z fyzikální chemie. VŠCHT, Praha 2000. (CS)
Atkins P., de Paula J.: Fyzikální chemie. VŠCHT, Praha 2013. (CS)
Oakley B.: A mind for numbers. Penguin, N. York 2014. (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course uses teaching methods in form of Lecture - 2 teaching hours per week, seminars - 2 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Attendance is obligatory and may be checked. Studying is checked by periodical written tests on seminars and active learning activities.
Seminar:
Average of results of periodical written tests (50 points at least); when lower than 50 summary test should be written and 50 points achieved at least.
Exam:
Combination of avergae from seminars (weight 30%) and results of exam (weight 70%). The exam has written and oral part. Written part - ten questions, answers marked by up to 10 points, limit to pass and for oral exam: 50 points. Failed oral part may be repeated without repeating written part.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Introduction, basic concepts (temperature, heat, energy).
2. Internal energy, work, kinetic theory of ideal gas.
3. First law, thermochemistry.
4. Second law, entropy.
5. Combined first and second laws, thermodynamic functions, third law.
6. Thermodynamics of mixtures - principles, partial molar quantities, chemical potential.
7. Phase behaviour - general principles, real gases.
8. Phase behaviour of one-component systems. Thermodynamics of solutions, activity.
9. Phase behaviour of multi-component systems.
10. Chemical equilibria, equilibrium constant.
11. Electrolytes, conductivity, current conduction in solutions.
12. Equilibria in solutions of electrolytes, interactions between ions. Electrochemical cells.
13. Examples of cells and electrodes, electrolysis, practical electrochemistry

Aims

Finishing this course students will be able to describe and explain behavior of chemically reacting as well as non-reacting (multiphase) systems using the quantities, principles and equations of thermodynamics and to explain behavior and properties of aqueous solutions of electrolytes and how to explore their ability to conduct electrical current.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance is obligatory and may be checked. Studying is checked by periodical written tests on seminars and active learning activities.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BKCP_CHCHT Bachelor's

    branch BKCO_SCH , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme BPCP_CHCHT Bachelor's

    branch BPCO_SCH , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory
    branch BPCO_CHTOZP , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme BKCP_CHCHT Bachelor's

    branch BKCO_CHTOZP , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme BPCP_CHCHT Bachelor's

    branch BPCO_CHMN , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme BKCP_CHCHT Bachelor's

    branch BKCO_CHM , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme BPCP_CHCHT Bachelor's

    branch BPCO_CHM , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme BPCP_CHTP Bachelor's

    branch BPCO_BT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme BKCP_CHTP Bachelor's

    branch BKCO_BT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory
    branch BKCO_PCH , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme BPCP_CHTP Bachelor's

    branch BPCO_CHP , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme CKCP_CZV lifelong learning

    branch CKCO_CZV , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer