study programme

Chemistry and technology of environmental protection

Original title in Czech: Chemie a technologie ochrany životního prostředíFaculty: FCHAbbreviation: DPCP_CHTOZP_NAcad. year: 2019/2020

Type of study programme: Doctoral

Study programme code: P0712D130001

Degree awarded: Ph.D.

Language of instruction: Czech

Accreditation: 6.6.2018 - 6.6.2024

Mode of study

Full-time study

Standard study length

4 years

Programme supervisor

Degree Programme Board

Fields of education

Area Topic Share [%]
100

Issued topics of Doctoral Study Program

  1. Application of FTIR and NIR for analysis of soil organic matter fractions

    Currently, FTIR and NIR methods are widely used for soil analysis. However, their application for identification of soil organic matter fractions of various turnovers is still missing. The aim of this work is to develop procedures for identification and analysis of labile and stable pools of soil organic matter.

    Tutor: Kučerík Jiří, doc. Ing., Ph.D.

  2. Development of techniques for fast assessment of soil quality and properties

    Thermogravimetry appeared as a promising techniques for fast assessment of soil properties and showed a potential to replace currently used techniques. These techniques are often costly and require long experimental time, while thermogravimetry experiments require only several hours. The aim of this work is searching for new relationships between thermo-oxidative stability of soil determined using thermogravimetry and soil chemical properties (pH, content of biogenic elements including P, S and different forms of N, metals including Al and Fe), physical properties (texture and volume density) and biological indicators (microbial biomass, potentially mineralizable N, glomalin and phospholipids contents and microbial emissions of carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide). These properties are known as indicators of soil quality, and therefore, the found correlations will be used for development of a complex soil quality index and models for prediction of soil organic carbon stability.

    Tutor: Kučerík Jiří, doc. Ing., Ph.D.

  3. Elimination of selected drugs from waste water

    In monitoring of drugs contamination in water, antibiotics, antidepressants, beta-blockers and benzodiazepam have been shown to be detected at relatively important concentrations. So far, however, it has not been systematically investigated which decontamination method would be suitable for their removal, or even for the removal of their degradation products. Therefore, both the way of eliminating original drugs and their degradation products will be monitored.

    Tutor: Vávrová Milada, prof. RNDr., CSc.

  4. Evaluation of the effects of microplastics (degradable plastics) on biota of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems via ecotoxicity tests

    Recently, plastics are among the most frequently mentioned "pollutants", especially in connection with the aquatic ecosystem. The impacts on biota in this ecosystems are due not only to their chemical composition, but also to the size of fragments. The work will monitor the effect of microplastics and / their degradation products on organisms representing significant trophic levels of ecosystems.

    Tutor: Zlámalová Gargošová Helena, doc. MVDr., Ph.D.

  5. Evaluation of the effects of microplastics (degradable plastics) on biota of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems via ecotoxicity tests

    Recently, plastics are among the most frequently mentioned "pollutants", especially in connection with the aquatic ecosystem. The impacts on biota in this ecosystems are due not only to their chemical composition, but also to the size of fragments. The work will monitor the effect of microplastics and / their degradation products on organisms representing significant trophic levels of ecosystems.

    Tutor: Zlámalová Gargošová Helena, doc. MVDr., Ph.D.

  6. Characterization of the products of thermal processing of biomass

    The work will focus on the characterization of the products of thermal processing of biomass, mainly torrefaction and pyrolysis. It will be studied the influence of process conditions on the resulting properties of biochar or pyrolysis oils in terms of their content of organic compounds. Consideration will also be given to the possibility of bioavailability of risk analytes. In addition, the sorption properties of biochar for different types of organic substances will be verified.

    Tutor: Zlámalová Gargošová Helena, doc. MVDr., Ph.D.

  7. Plant bioindicators – a tool for assessing environmental contamination inorganic pollutants

    This thesis will focus on the use of plant material, which is located in the exposed areas, to the assessment of environmental pollution. The aim will be to develop a detailed literature review current bio-monitoring and environmental contamination by inorganic pollutants. After selection will be performed reliable bioindicators and methods for their use regard to the environmental studies; also will be made "optimization" of their use under laboratory conditions. In conclusion, these techniques will be applied to assess the real state of contamination of the environment, particularly the evaluation and comparison of contamination in large urban areas and rural areas.

    Tutor: Kučerík Jiří, doc. Ing., Ph.D.

  8. Soil and biomass analysis as a link between line green vegetation and environmetal pollution

    The study is focused on determination of heavy metal distribution in soils, leaves, fruits and wood originating from traffic. In this context, influence of line green vegetation on contamination level will be assessed.

    Tutor: Kučerík Jiří, doc. Ing., Ph.D.

  9. Studying the properties of peat using electrochemical and thermografical methods

    The basic subject of study is all peat phenotypes. Predicted methods used are optimized contact and non-contact analysis of AC / DC signals, magnetic induction and targeted thermographic methods. The aim of the study is to describe some specific properties and specific little biophysical peat behavior. During the course of study, a new measuring device suitable for peat bogs will be developed. It is also supposed to master the method and analytical procedure, which will enable us to determine these specific physical and chemical properties of peat without disturbing biotic compatibility.

    Tutor: Vávrová Milada, prof. RNDr., CSc.

  10. Transport of heavy metals and nutrients from biochar to soil and biomass

    The aim of the work is the analysis of the release of heavy metals and nutrients from industrial biochar to soils and further transport to higher plants. the experiments will be conducted in pots and in the field. Several soil types will be tested to shed light on role of dissolved organic matter on the release and transport. In addition, it will be tested the residual amount of elements adsorbed on the biochar.

    Tutor: Kučerík Jiří, doc. Ing., Ph.D.

  11. Veterinary and Human Risks of Using Nanoparticles in Heat Transfer Fluids

    The development of nanofluids is the latest trend in the formulation of heat-carrying liquids. When applying nanoparticles to liquid-based heat transfer liquids, a basic premise is the ability of the participants to stabilize this component in the liquid and to ensure the stability of the resulting properties over time and independently of the heat load. However, in studying the influence of nanoadiatives, where an increase in thermal conductivity and improved anticorrosion properties is expected, unknown influence on viscosity, thermal capacity and possible toxicity of aggregated nanoparticles remains unknown. An important factor is the uncertainty of the compatibility of the nanoparticles with the other components of the heat transfer fluid (corrosion inhibitors, anti-foaming agents, biocidal or chelating agents, dyes) and the active surface of the technological unit. Therefore, it is not possible to exclude the aggregation or production of harmful products. Due to the general wide use of heat-carrying liquids (food, transportation, communal environment), there is a considerable risk of environmental contamination. The aim of the thesis is to define the basic risks arising from the use of nanoadiatives in heat-carrying fluids for the veterinary and humane sectors before their possible mass expansion.

    Tutor: Vávrová Milada, prof. RNDr., CSc.

Course structure diagram with ECTS credits

1. year of study, both semester
AbbreviationTitleL.Cr.Sem.Com.Compl.Gr.Op.
DC_MAEcs0bothCompulsoryDrExyes
DC_AZEcs0bothCompulsory-optionalDrExyes
DC_ETJcs0bothCompulsory-optionalDrExyes
DC_METMetrology and experimental data processingcs2bothCompulsory-optionalDrExyes
DC_NVDNew trends in water management technologiescs0bothCompulsory-optionalDrExyes
DC_ENAAdvanced Environmental Analytical Chemistrycs0bothCompulsory-optionalDrExyes
DC_OCHAdvanced Organic Chemistrycs2bothCompulsory-optionalDrExyes
DC_TNPcs0bothCompulsory-optionalDrExyes