Author of thesis: Ing. Petr Dzurenda, Ph.D.
Acad. year: 2019/2020
Supervisor: doc. Ing. Jan Hajný, Ph.D.
Reviewer's: doc. RNDr. Petr Švenda, Ph.D., Dr. Jordi Castella-RocaAbstract:
The doctoral thesis deals with privacy-preserving cryptographic schemes in access control and data collection areas. Currently, card-based physical access control systems are used by most people on a daily basis, for example, at work, in public transportation and at hotels. However, these systems have often very poor cryptographic protection. For instance, user identifiers and keys can be easily eavesdropped and counterfeited. Furthermore, privacy-preserving features are almost missing and, therefore, user’s movement and behavior can by easily tracked. Service providers (and even eavesdroppers) can profile users, know what they do, where they go, and what they are interested in. In order to improve this state, we propose four novel cryptographic schemes based on efficient zero-knowledge proofs and elliptic curve cryptography. In particular, the thesis presents three novel privacy-friendly authentication schemes for access control and one for data collection application scenarios. The first scheme supports distributed
multi-device authentication with multiple Radio-Frequency IDentification (RFID) user’s devices. This feature is particularly important in applications for controlling access to dangerous areas where the presence of protective equipment is checked during each access control session. The other two presented schemes use attribute-based approach to protect user’s privacy, i.e. these schemes allow users to anonymously prove the ownership
of their attributes, such as age, citizenship, and gender. While one of our scheme brings efficient revocation and identification mechanisms, the other one provides the fastest authentication phase among the current state of the art solutions. The last (fourth) proposed scheme is a novel short group signature scheme for data collection scenarios. Data collection schemes are used for secure and reliable data transfer from multiple remote nodes to a central unit. With the increasing importance of smart meters in energy distribution, smart house installations and various sensor networks, the need for secure data collection schemes becomes very urgent. Such schemes must provide standard security features, such as confidentiality and authenticity of transferred data, as well as novel features, such as strong protection of user’s privacy and identification of malicious users. The proposed schemes are provably secure and provide the full set of privacy-enhancing features, namely anonymity, untraceability and unlinkability of users. Besides the full cryptographic specification and security analysis, we also show the results of our implementations on devices commonly used in access control and data collection applications.
Cryptography, Privacy, Group Signatures, Attribute-Based Credentials, Anonymity, Smart Cards, Authentication, Elliptic Curves, Bilinear Pairing, Constrained Devices
Date of defence
Result of the defence
Defended (thesis was successfully defended)
Language of thesis
Composition of Committee
prof. Ing. Zdeněk Smékal, CSc. (předseda)
prof. Ing. Boris Šimák, CSc. (člen)
doc. Ing. Václav Zeman, Ph.D. (člen)
doc. Ing. Jiří Sýkora, CSc. (člen)
doc. Ing. Lukáš Malina, Ph.D. (člen)
RNDr. Petr Švenda, Ph.D. - oponent (člen)
Assoc. Prof. Jordi Castellà-Roca - oponent (člen)
doc. Ing. Jan Hajný, Ph.D.
doc. RNDr. Petr Švenda, Ph.D.
|File inserted by the reviewer||Size|
|Petr_Dzurenda_PHDThesis_2019_posudek oponenta doc. Švenda.pdf||1.38 MB|
Dr. Jordi Castella-Roca
|File inserted by the reviewer||Size|
|oponent review_Dr. Jordi Castella-Roca_PhD_Ing. Dzurenda.pdf||180.26 kB|