Course detail

Basic of Ecology

FCH-BC_ZEAcad. year: 2021/2022

The objective of the course is to give attendants common information from ecology of plants and animals. Structure of the course is following: Introduction to ecology - content and objectives, ecology subsections and relation to the other subjects, ecological niche - fundamental and realized; ecological media and ecological factors of environment; ecological valence and adaptation; ecological soil, water and air characteristics ( their effect on the life of organisms); population ecology - demecology, main attributes of the population (natality, mortality, abundance, density, age structure, sex index) intraspecific relations (teritoriality, competetion, concurention) interspecific relations; communities - biocoenosis, its characteristics, classificacion and structure; ecosystem - productivity and production, food chains, ecosystem stability, important ecosystems and structure of their biocoenosis; biogeography of Earth; landscape ecology, biosphere, man and the biosphere.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Increased knowledge, skills and competencies of students will be reflected in the following areas:
1. Students will acquire basic knowledge about the environmental compertments and ecosystem functioning.
2. Students will understand the relations between abiotic and biotic components of the environment.
3. Students will be able to creatively applied acquired knowledge to the protection of environment.


Basic knowledge of the biology of plants and animals.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Laštůvka Z. & Krejčová P. 2000: Ekologie. Konvoj: Brno, 185 str.";2012;;1;základní;;cs (CS)
Pelikán, J. Přehled obecné ekologie, VFU Brno, 1993. ";2012;;1;rozšiřující;;cs (CS)
Palatý, J., Paleček, J.: Základy ekologie. VŠCHT Praha, 1992";2012;;1;základní;;cs (CS)
Begon,M.- Harper,J.- Townsend,C: Ekologie, jedinci, populace a společenstva, Olomouc: Universita J.Palackého, 1986 - (CS)
LOSOS, B. a kol Ekologie živočichů. Praha, 1985 ";2012;;1;rozšiřující;;cs (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course uses teaching methods in form of Lecture - 2 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The exam is a written test consisting of 16 questions. To obtain a classification in the range A - E is needed to obtain at least half the number of points. Each question is scored the same number of points.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Basic terms, ecosystem, organisms in ecosystem.
2. Organism and environmental, terms (biotope, ecotypes, territory, habitat, niche. . . ).
3. Kinds of organisms, ecological rules.
4. Ecological factors, abiotic and biotic, intensity of factors, bioindicators.
5. Biosphere, atmosphere, pedosphere - relationship to the alive organisms.
6. Population, its main attributes, relationships between individuals of a given population.
7. Biocoenosis, synecology.
8. Relationships between populations.
9. Ecosystem, ecosystem functioning, stages of development ecosystem - climax, succession.
10.The cycle of substances in the ecosystem.
11.Biogeography, man and the biosphere.
12. Ecological problems of the 21st century.


The main objective of this subject is mastering basic concepts and definitions in the field of ecology, is gaining knowledge of the functioning of the ecosystem and about the relationships between the basic components (producers, consumers, decomposers - inanimate environment) and impact of human activities on the ecosystem.
Mastering the terminology in the field of ecology and knowledge of ecosystem functioning and coherence relations between its various components enable students to better understand the continuity in other related subjects such as environmental chemistry.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance at lectures is recommended, but not controlled.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BKCP_ECHBM Bachelor's, 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
  • Programme BPCP_ECHBM Bachelor's, 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer