Course detail

# Physics

CESA-SFY1Acad. year: 2020/2021

The course Physics 1 deals at first with basis of particle mechanics. Gained knowledge is used to study the influence of physical fields on particle motion. Significant part of the subject is focused on electric and magnetic fields, their formation, laws and mutual nature leading to the concept of electromagnetic field and Maxwell’s equations.

Supervisor

Department

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Graduates in the subject are able to

define concepts of mechanics and dynamics of mass point, and of electric and magnetic fields by means of differential and integral calculus,

describe basic laws and principles of above mentioned area,

discuss conditions for application of laws of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, explain their mutual relations, distinguish the proper form of rules in selected area,

apply knowledge of studied principles in mutual connections, classify forces in electric and magnetic fields and calculate simple trajectories of charged particles,

practice theoretical laws in physical laboratories,

compare and analyze laws of electric and magnetic fields, clarify their mutual nature, explain electromagnetic field described by Maxwell’s equations.

Prerequisites

The student should enter the course at the secondary level:
- have knowledge of basic concepts and laws of mechanics, electricity and magnetism
- to be able to explain the basic concepts and laws of mechanics, electricity and magnetism and also to express in their own words the areas of their use.
- to be able to apply the basic laws of mechanics to simple particle motion, apply laws of electricity and magnetism in simple electrical circuits.
Mathematical apparatus:
Upon entering this subject the student should be able to discuss the basic concepts of secondary school algebra and geometry, calculate linear equations and apply basic goniometric functions.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

HALLIDAY D., RESNICK R., WALKER J.: Fyzika Vysoké učení technické v Brně Vutium, Prometheus Praha, 2000, 2003, 2006 (CS)

DOBIS, P., UHDEOVÁ, N., BRÜSTLOVÁ, J., BARTLOVÁ, M.Průvodce studiem předmětu Fyzika 1 (CS)

Hyperphysics: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/hframe.html (EN)

SERWAY R.,A, JEWETT J,W: Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics, 8 th Edition, Saunders College Publishing, 2010 (EN)

BOOKER R., BOYSEN E.: Nanotechnology For Dummies, John Willey & Sons, Inc., 2010 (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations. They include lectures, excercises, computer laboratories and practical laboratories. Course is taking advantage of e-learning (Moodle) system. Students have to write 6 laboratory reports and have to hand in the solution of assigned problems during the course.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Study evaluation is based on marks obtained for specified items.

Final classification – max. 100 pts.

Semester:

Laboratories up to 20 pts. (6 laboratory measurements and tests, final test)

Seminars up to 15 pts. (2 written tests)

For obtaining the credit it is necessary to measure out and to evaluate the given number of experimental problems and to gain at least 12 points.

Exam:

Up to 65 pts.

Exam has written form, it consists of the test with selection questions, a theoretical part and examples. To pass the exam it is necessary to gain at least 6 points in theoretical part and in examples.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Equation of motion and its applications. Oscillations. Work, energy and power. Conservation laws. Collisions.

2. Gravitational and electrostatic field. Actual gravitational field of the Earth.

3. Electric charge, Coulomb's law. Electric field strength and electric field lines. A point charge and a dipole in an electric field.

4. Gauss's law of electrostatics and its applications.

5. Capacitance. Electrostatic field in a dielectric. Energy of an electrostatic field.

6. Electric current, equation of continuity. Ohm's law.

7. Electromotive force. Work and power executed by electric current. Conduction of electric current in matter.

8. Electrical circuits. Calculation of an electric current in a simple electrical circuit. Circuits with more current loops. RC circuits.

9. Magnetic field due to an electric current, Biot's-Savart's law, magnetic field lines.

10. Ampere's law of the total current. Force action of magnetic fields.

11. Gauss's law for magnetic fields. Magnetic field in matter.

12. Faraday's law. Coils and inductances. Alternating electric current. LC and RLC circuits. Transformers.

13. Maxwell's equations in integral and differential form for vacuum and for a dielectric.

Application of electrical and magnetic phenomena in medicine.

Aims

The main objectives are: to provide the students with clear and logical presentation of the basic concepts and principles of physics, and to strengthen an understanding of these concepts and principles through a broad range of interesting applications.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance in seminars is compulsory. Excused seminars can be made up.

The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

- Programme BPC-STC Bachelor's, 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

#### Type of course unit

eLearning

**eLearning:** currently opened course