Biomechanics of sport
CESA-SBISAcad. year: 2020/2021
In the subject Biomechanics of sport, the knowledge of the principles of statics, technical mechanics, anatomy, physiology is intertwined and the students learn about the interaction between movement laws and the human body in various physical activities. Learning outcomes of the course unit The aim of the course is to acquaint and acquire basic principles of biomechanics of sport with focus on mechanical patterns of behavior of human body and its parts. The student will be acquainted with the interrelationships between the movement of the human body and its segments, due to internal - external stimuli. Students will acquire basic knowledge of the motives that cause movement, including basic methods by which these stimuli, relationships and patterns can be examined. Part of the course is an introduction to modern technology that monitors these variables.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
During the semester, students will get acquainted with the basic principles of movement of the human body and its parts in general which are applied in various sports and disciplines.
At the end of the study the student will be able to synthesize previously acquired principles of mechanics with principles of selected biological subsystems, define mechanical properties of musculoskeletal tissues, explain basic mechanical rules and principles of human body movement and apply it into human loco motor system and sports movement; analyze the essence of the selected sports movement from the kinematic and dynamic point of view; design suitable biomechanical methods of motion analysis leading to the solution of a given problem
nalysis to solve a given problem
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
KALICHOVÁ M, BALÁŽ J., BEDŘICH P., ZVONAŘ,M. (2011). Základy biomechaniky tělesných cvičení. 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2011. 193 s. (CS)
JANURA M. Úvod do biomechaniky pohybového systému člověka. 1. vyd. Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, 2003. 84 s. (CS)
Brinckmann, P., Frobin, W. & Leivseth, G. (2002). Musculoskeletal biomechanics. Stuttgart: New York: Thieme.
Herman, I. P. (2007). Physics of the human body. Berlin: Springer, 2007.
Nordin, M. & Frankel, V. H. (2001). Basic biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system. Philadelphia: Lipp. Willi & Wilkins.
Hamill, J, (2009). Biomechanical basis of human movement. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lipp. Will. and Wilkins.
Chapman, A. E. (2008). Biomechanical analysis of fundamental human movements. Champaign: Human Kinetics.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Language of instruction
The subject Biomechanics of sport deals with the principles of statics, technical mechanics, anatomy, physiology and students find out the mutual interaction between the principles of movement and the human body during various physical activities. The aim is to master the basic principles of biomechanics of sport with a focus on the mechanical principles of the human body behaviour and its parts. The student will get acquainted with the interrelationships between the movement of the human body and its segments, the influence of internal - external stimuli. The student will acquire basic knowledge about the stimuli that cause movement, including basic methods by which these stimuli, relationships and patterns can be examined. Part of the course is to get acquainted with modern technology that monitors these variables.
1. Definition of biomechanics, meaning, history,
2. Segmental structure of the body, body centre gravity
3. Mechanical properties of biological materials
4.-5. Mechanical properties of muscles, ligaments and tendons, the mechanical properties of the support system
6. Joint connection mechanics
7. - 9. Biomechanics of walking and running, biomechanics of throwing and catching
10.-11. Biomechanics of jumps, maintaining the human body balance
12. Biomechanics of rotational body movements
13. Kinematic methods of analysis of human body movement
14. Dynamic methods of analysis of human body movement
15.-16. Biomechanics of gymnastic exercises
17.-18. Biomechanics of athletic disciplines
19.-22. Biomechanics of ball sports, biomechanics of combat sports
23.-24 . Biomechanics of swimming, windsurfing and yachting
25.-26 . Biomechanics of downhill skiing, cross-country skiing and skating
Learning outcomes of the course unit The aim of the course is to clarify the mechanical structure and mechanical behavior of the musculoskeletal system in basic physical activities and selected sports disciplines. Furthermore, the aim is to introduce biomechanical methods by which key phases of motion can be analyzed.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Compulsory 70% lectures. Compulsory seminars 80%. Substitution possible exceptionally after agreement with the teacher.
Classification of course in study plans
- Programme BPC-STC Bachelor's, 2. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory