Course detail

Optimization of Processes and Projects

FSI-VPPAcad. year: 2020/2021

The course deals with the following topics: The basis of mathematical process theory. Optimal regulation. The principle of Bellman as a tool for optimization of multistage processes with a general non-linear criterion function. Optimum decision policy. Dynamic programming as a tool for creation of methods for a solution of the deterministic and stochastic decision optimization problems in discrete as well as continuous range and its computation aspects. Pontryagin maximum principle. Fuzzy regulation. Applications in practical problems solution in economical decisions and in technological process control. Optimization in project management in the stages of multicriteria projects selection into portfolio in case of a restricted resource, of resource scheduling in deterministic, stochastic and fuzzy case, of cost analysis of projects and monitoring the deviations between real and scheduled projects course.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Knowledge: Students will know basic principles and algorithms of methods applicable to the optimization of the deterministic, stochastic and fuzzy processes, discrete and continuous. They will be made familiar with basic principles and algorithms of methods that are appropriate to creation of decision-support systems for project management, as the tool for the identification, selection and realization of projects. Skills: Students will be able to apply the above methods to the solution of the practical problems from economic decision, problems of increasing of the reliability of technological devices, problems of automation control of technological processes and problems of project management, by using of contemporary tools of the computer science. They will be able to work with modern decision-support systems.


Knowledge of the basics of mathematical analysis, algebra, theory of sets, statistics and probability.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Bertsekas, D. P.: Dynamic Programming and Optimal Control. Athena Scientific, Nashua. 2007.
Klapka, J.; Dvořák, J.; Popela, P.: Metody operačního výzkumu. VUTIUM, Brno, 2001.
Puterman, M. L.: Markov Decision Processes: Discrete Stochastic Dynamic Programming. Wiley-Interscience, New Jersey, 2005.
Jablonský, J. Operační výzkum: kvantitativní modely pro ekonomické rozhodování. Professional Publishing, Praha, 2007.
Kerzner, H.: Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling, and Controlling. Wiley, New Jersey, 2009.
Turban, E., Meredith, J.: Fundamentals of Management Science. Irwin, Boston, pp. 1010, 1994.
Brucker, P.: Scheduling Algorithms. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2010.
Gros, Ivan: Kvantitativní metody v manažerském rozhodování, Grada Publishing a.s., Praha, 2003.
Jablonský, J.: Operační výzkum. Kvantitativní metody pro ekonomické rozhodování. Professional Publishing, Praha, 2007.
Bazaraa, M, S.; Sherali, H. D.; Shetty, C. M.: Nonlinear Programming. Wiley, 2013.
Winston W.L.: Operations Research. Applications and Algorithms. Thomson - Brooks/Cole, Belmont 2004.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Course-unit credit: Active participation in the seminars, elaboration of a given project. Examination: Written and oral.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The aim of the course is to inform the students about creations and applications of mathematical methods for optimal control of technological and economic processes e.g. in the automation of mechanical systems, in the management of production in mechanical engineering, in project management and in optimization of information systems, using contemporary tools of computer science.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance at seminars is required. An absence can be compensated for via solving additional problems.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2I-P Master's

    branch M-AIŘ , 2. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory
    branch M-AIŘ , 2. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Basics of mathematical processes theory. Bellman optimality principle and dynamic programming. Mitten generalization of dynamic programming.
2. Optimization of continuous decision process. Pontryagin's maximum principle.
3. Deterministic application of dynamic programming.
4. An example of the optimal fuzzy regulation and fuzzy control of technological processes.
5. Stochastic applications of dynamic programming. Controlled Markov chains.
6. Increasing reliability of technological devices.
7. Basic notions of network analysis methods, CPM method.
8. Calculation by stochastic evaluation of activities (method PERT). A comparison of the results obtained by the method PERT with the results of the simulation methods.
9. Cost analysis of a project including application of fuzzy linear programming to the solution of two-criterion time-cost problem. Heuristic methods for scheduling with resources constraints.
10. Multi-criterial projects selection. Synergistic effects and hierarchical dependencies of projects.
11. Monitoring deviations between scheduled state and real state of project. System SSD-graph.
12. Balancing production belt and assembly line.
13. Scheduling production processes.

Computer-assisted exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Solution of dynamic programming problems in Excel and Matlab. Container loading problem.
2. Resources allocation problem. Reduction of state vector dimension.
3. Examples of process optimization by means of step-by-step approximations methods.
4. Examples of continuous processes optimization from the area of regulation and control.
5. Dynamic programming of stochastic processes. Optimization of mining plan.
6. Production control for uncertain demand. Controlled Markov chains.
7. Example of optimizing reliability of serially connected system.
8. Practical examples of graphs and networks. Implementation of the CPM method in Excel and Matlab.
9. Numerical applications of the PERT method.
10. Example of the project scheduling by fuzzy linear programming.
11. Examples of heuristic scheduling in case of constrained resources.
12. Reducing project duration.
13. Evaluation of semester projects.