Course detail

Structure and Properties of Advanced Materials

FSI-TVNAcad. year: 2020/2021

Crystalline structure, microstructure, mechanical properties. Prediction of materials characteristics. Application of selected advanced materials in the engineering practice. Nanostructured materials - carbon fibers, nanolayers and nanotubes, bulk magnetic nanomaterials and ultra-fine grained materials. Shape-memory alloys - shape-memory effect and principles of mechatronic actuators. Composite materials - fiber- and particle-reinforced composites and laminates.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The student gains basic information concerning structure, mechanical properties, and applications of advanced materials in recent engineering and technology.


Solid State Physics, Materials Science and Engineering.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

BELLOUARD Y.: Microrobotics and Microdevices based on Shape-Memory Alloys. In: Smart Materials, Columbus, Ohio 2003, pp.620-644
J. Pokluda, F. Kroupa, L. Obdržálek, Mechanické vlastnosti a struktura pevných látek, PC-DIR 1994 (CS)
Suresh S.: Fatigue of Materials. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press; 1998. (EN)
Pokluda J, Šandera P. Micromechanisms of Fracture and Fatigue. In a Multiscale Context. London, UK: Springer; 2010. (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The assessment of a student is made upon his performance in practice and results of a final test.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The main aim lies in elucidation of unique microstructure of advanced materials as well as in understanding a physical nature of relationship between the microstructure and mechanical properties of such materials. The student also gains basic information about possibilities of application of these materials in the recent engineering practice.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The presence of students at practice is obligatory and is monitored by a tutor. The way how to compensate missed practice lessons will be decided by a tutor depending on the range and content of the missed lessons.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-FIN-P Bachelor's, 2. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



13 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Structure of ideal crystals and atomic bonding, defects of atomic structure
Theory of deformation and fracture
Fracture mechanics
- cyclic plasticity
- micromechanics of fracture
- carbon fibers, layers and tubes
- magnetic nanomaterials
ultra-fine grained materials
Shape-memory alloys: shape-memory effect, principles of mechatronic actuators
Composite materials: fiber reinforced composites and laminates, particle-reinforced composites


13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Description of atomic bonds, empirical interatomic potentials
Defects in crystal lattice, theory of dislocations
Fracture mechanics:
- stress- strain field at the crack tip
- quantitative fractography of fatigue fracture
Nanomaterials and shape-memory alloys:
- deformation micromechanisms of ultra-fine grained materials
Excursion to the Institute of Physics of Materials in Brno

Computer-assisted exercise

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Modeling deformation and response of crystals
- models of ideal crystal structure
- semiempirical interatomic potentials
- ab initio methods, molecular dynamics
Nanomaterials and shape-memory alloys:
- theoretical strength of carbon nanotubes
- elasticity of ideal crystals and twins in Ni-Ti alloy