Course detail


FSI-TK0Acad. year: 2020/2021

Basics of low temperature physics and cryogenics.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Knowledge about physical phenomena and matter properties at low temperatures, basics for work in low temperature laboratory (1,5 K – 300 K).


Basic course of physics.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Jelínek, J., Málek, Z.: Kryogenní technika, VII.škola fyziky a techniky nízkých teplot, Luhačovice 1982, SNTL Praha 1982
Weisend, J.G. II, Handbook of cryogenic engineering, Taylor & Francis 1998, ISBN 1-56032-332-9
Dúbravcová Viera: Vákuová a ultravákuová technika, Alfa , Bratislava 1992
Rotter Miloš: Fyzikální základy a technika nízkoteplotního experimentu, SNP Praha 1982
Barron, R.F.: Cryogenic heat transfer, Taylor & Francis 1999, ISBN 1-56032-551-8
Thermophysical Properties of Pure Fluids, počítačová databáze, NIST USA, 2000
Groszkowski Janusz: Technika vysokého vakua, SNTL Praha 1981
Šafrata, R.S., a kol. : Fyzika nízkých teplot, Matfyzpress, Universita Karlova 1998, ISBN 80-85863-19-7

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Teaching is suplemented by practical laboratory work.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The condition for award of the course-unit credit is a student’s work: design of a simple cryogenic equipment or experiment

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The aim of the course is to present basics of low temperature physics, technology and design of low temperature equipment for physical experiments and other applications.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Absence has to be compensated by self-study or assigned homework. Presence in laboratory exercises is obligatory.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-FIN-P Bachelor's, 2. year of study, summer semester, 3 credits, elective

  • Programme B3A-P Bachelor's

    branch B-FIN , 3. year of study, summer semester, 3 credits, elective

Type of course unit



16 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Introduction, properties of cryoliquids, safety
2. Methods of refrigeration, liquefaction and storage of cryoliquids.
3. Physical properties of materials at low temperatures.
4. Low temperature experimental techniques.
5. Heat transfer at low temperatures.
6. Low temperature vacuum technique.
7. Design of cryogenic equipment.
8. Applications of low temperatures.

Laboratory exercise

10 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Equipment of low temperatury laboratory, safety - excursion in laboratory
2. Work with cryoliquids (nitrogen, helium), mater properties at low temperatures
3. Detection of vacuum leaks, using of mass spectrometer
4. He liquefaction
5. Cryopumping