Course detail

Mathematical Structures

FSI-SSR-AAcad. year: 2020/2021

The course will familiarise students with basic concepts and results of the theory of mathematical structures. A number of examples of concrete structures which students know from previously passed mathematical subjects will be used to demonstrate the exposition.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will acquire the ability of viewing different mathematical structures from a unique, categorical point of view. This will help them to realize new relationships and links between different branches of mathematics. The students will also be able to apply their knowledge of the theory of mathematical structures, e.g. in computer science.


Students are expected to know the following subjects taught within the bachelor's study programme: Mathermatical Analysis I-III, Functional Analysis, both Linear and General Algebra, and Methods of Discrete Mathematics. Concerning the the master's study programme, knowledge of Graph Theory is required.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Jiří Adámek, Matematické struktury a kategorie, SNTL Praha, 1982 (CS)
Jiří Adámek, Theory of Mathematical Structures, D. Reidel Publ. Company, Dordrecht, 1983. (EN)
H.Herrlich. G.E.Strecker: Category Theory, Allyn and Bacon Inc., Boston 1973 (EN)
A.Adámek, H.Herrlich. G.E.Strecker: Abstract and Concrete Categories, John Willey & Sons, New York, 1990 (EN)
Steve Awodey: Category Theory, Oxford University Press Inc. 2006. (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The graded-course unit credit is awarded on condition of having passed a written test assessing the knowledge of the theory presented..

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The aim of the course is to show the students possibility of a unified perspective on seemingly different mathematical subjects.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Since the attendance at lectures is not compulsory, it will not be checked, and compensation of possible absence will not be required.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2A-P Master's

    branch M-MAI , 2. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory

  • Programme M2A-A Master's

    branch M-MAI , 2. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Sets and classes
2. Mathematical structures
3. Isomorphisms
4. Fibres
5. Subobjects
6. Quotient objects
7. Free objects
8. Initial structures
9. Final structures
10.Cartesian product
11.Cartesian completeness
13.Reflection and coreflection