Course detail

Theoretical fundamentals of silicates technology

FAST-DJB048Acad. year: 2020/2021

Chemical equilibrium, Guldberg-Waag law, equilibrium system, reaction isotherm. State behavior of liquids, surface phenomena, cohesive pressure, transport phenomena in liquids.
Phase equilibrium, single-component system, Gibbs phase law, two-component system.
Heterogeneous systems of one-, two- and multi-component, solubility of gases in liquids.
Solid phase system - gas, solid phase - liquid phase, ternary systems.
Electrochemistry, Faraday's laws, molar conductivity of weak and strong electrolytes.
Wheatstone bridge, dissociation and hydrolysis, ionic product of water, galvanic cells.
Dispersion systems, distribution, basic physical properties, coagulation, zeta-potential.
Reaction kinetics, order and molecularity of reaction, reaction of 1st, 2nd and higher orders, catalysts.
Structure of silicates, Pauling principles, basic structure.
Clay minerals, structure, classification, binding of water in clay minerals.
Structure and properties of silicate melts, melt crystallisation, glass structure.
Heterogeneous equilibrium in silicate systems, solid state reaction.

Department

Institute of Technology of Building Materials and Components (THD)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Not applicable.

Prerequisites

Knowledge of physics, chemistry and building materials, at the level of a graduate of a Master's degree in building engineering at the Faculty of Civil Engineering, BUT.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Chemical equilibria, the Guldberg-Waag Law, systems outside of equilibrium, reaction isotherm.
2. State behaviour of liquids, surface effects, cohesion pressure, transport processes in liquids.
3. Phase equilibria, one component system, Gibbs Law of phases, system with two components.
4. Heterogeneous one-, two- and more-components systems, solubility of gases in liquids.
5. The systems: solid phase-gas, solid phase-liquid phase, ternary systems.
6. Electrochemistry, Faradays Laws, molar conductivity of weak and strong electrolytes, the Wheatstone´s bridge, dissociation and hydrolysis, ionic product of water, galvanic elements.
7. Disperse systems, division, basic physical properties, coagulation, zeta-potential.
8. Reaction kinetics, order and molecularity of reaction, reactions of 1st, 2nd, and higher orders, catalysts.
9. Structure of silicates, Pauling´s principles, basic structural arrangement.
10. Clay minerals, structural arrangement. Classification of clay minerals, water bond in clay minerals.
11. Structure and the properties of silicate melt. Melt crystallisation, the structure of glass.Heterogeneous equilibria in silicate systems, reactions in solid state.

Aims

Brief fundamentals of general physical chemistry in the area of atomistic, electrochemistry, state of matter, reaction kinetics, processes on boundaries between phases, sorption processes and basic phenomena of disperse systems. Fundamentals of physical chemistry concerning the structure of silicates, theory of melts and glasses, theory of solid state reactions.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme DKC-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, 8 credits, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DPA-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, 8 credits, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DKA-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, 8 credits, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DPC-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, 8 credits, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

eLearning