Applied Physics (V)
FAST-NBB006Acad. year: 2020/2021
The structure of atoms and molecules.
The basic of the statistics physics.
Heat, temperature and heat capacity at particle level.
The characteristics of gases – air and water vapour.
Temperature, pressure and transitions between liquid and gas.
Practical consequences of latent heat (heat for air damping, heat engines, condensation burner.
The flow, the equilibrium and non-equilibrium processes.
The principles of thermodynamics in liquids.
The heat transfer in liquids, diffusion.
Sun radiation, global view of the processes in atmosphere.
Institute of Physics (FYZ)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The basics of physical substances (including liquids) and their structures, the flow of liquids. Basic physical skills for the specialization of water management and water structures.
The knowledge of the mathematics and physics in the range of the sub-degree courses.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Language of instruction
1. Definition of basic physical quantities, SI system, definition of temperature, equipartition theorem, inner energy.
2. Statistical physics, state equation, practical results.
3. Properties of air, water vapour and atmosphere.
4. The mass, momentum and energy balance: momentum in fluids, energy in fluids (external and internal), hydraulic pressure, Pascal low, Archimedes low.
5. The flow of fluids: the stationary flow of the viscous incompressible fluid through the tube, the velocity distribution along the cross section of the tube, Hagen-Poisseli’s law.
6. Temperature, pressure and phase transitions, latent heat, physics of low temperatures and pressures.
7. Particle physics and heat capacity of gases at constant pressure or volume.
8. Basics of thermodynamics, processes in gases, heat engines, Carnot cycle.
9. Practical outcomes of derived properties (engines, heat pumps, air conditioning, thermoelectric generators, themocouples, Peltier cells, condensation burner, drying or damping of air.
10. Electromagnetic radiation, Plancks law, Sun radiation, spectral properties of atmosphere.
11. Black body radiation, emissivity, transmittance, absorptivity, solar collectors and their principle and efficiency.
12. The energy point of view - transforms of energy, energy accumulations, energy density, power density.
13. Sun, basics of meteorology, atmosphere composition, greenhouse effect.
To enlarge the knowledge of physics in the area of structure, matters, fluids and flow for the students of the water management and water structures focus.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.
Classification of course in study plans
- Programme NPC-SIV Master's, 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory-optional