FAST-BFA002Acad. year: 2020/2021
Soil difference from other building materials - particle nature, multiphase system. Soil formation, clay minerals, residual soils.
Soil properties from the perspective of the individual phases. State characteristics of soils.
Stress and strain in 2D (Mohr circle, Effective stress, drained ver. undrained conditions).
Water in the soil (permeability, seepage in the soil).
Compressibility of soil. Consolidation.
Shear strength of soils. Stress path.
Stress in the soil (Geostatic stress vertical and lateral. Stresses in soil due to surface loads).
Settlement of foundation soil (total, consolidation).
Bearing capacity of foundation soil.
Slope Stability (principles of slope stability analysis, the effect of water on slope stability).
Earth pressures (active, at rest and passive).
Institute of Geotechnics (GTN)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Student will master the course objective and will have basic knowledge about soil properties and soil behaviour for safe and economical design of foundations, design of earth body and for vertical structures design.
Knowledge from Geology (soil formation, types of foundation soils). Fundamentals of Structural mechanics.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Language of instruction
1. Introduction to soil mechanics (basic characteristics of soils; origin, formation, mineralogy, grain size composition).
2. Index and state properties of soils. Classification of soils for engineering purposes.
3. Basic of geomechanics – (Stress and strain in soil; Mohr´s circle; Principle of effective stress, The mechanical behavior of materials - elasticity, plasticity, failure; drainaed, undrained conditions; the effect of time).
4. Importance of water in soil (permeability, steady state seepage).
5. Compressibility of soil (isotropic, One-dimensional, over-consolidation).
6. Consolidation; Creep (theory + laboratory testing); settlement (immediate, consolidation and total).
7. Shear strength of soils (peak, critical, residual).
8. Shear strength of soils continuation.
9. Shear strength of soils - laboratory tests (triaxial tests, shear test).
10. Bearing capacity of soil.
11. Slope stability.
12. Earth pressure. Compaction of soils.
To provide students with basic knowledge about soil properties and soil behaviour for safe and economical design of foundations, design of earth body and for vertical structures design.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.
Classification of course in study plans