Course detail

Earth Structures

FAST-CF001Acad. year: 2020/2021

- Types of earth structures - cuttings, embankments, traffic bodies, dams, landfills.
- Properties of natural, waste, lightweight geomaterials.
- Compaction and stabilization of soils.
- General principles of design of earth structures (ultimate and servisibility limit states).
- Improvement, reinforcement of soils (Preloading, Vacuum consolidation, Vertical drains, Deep dynamic compaction, Vibro compaction, Stone columns, Deep soil mixing, Geosynthetics).


Institute of Geotechnics (GTN)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The student acquires the theoretical and practical knowledge of the target setting. The output from theoretical point view is designing of the selected earth structures (earth reinforcement soil, gabions etc.) or improvement of subsoil by stone columns, deep soil mixing or designing of PVD for consolidation. The practical output are main principles for construction these types of structures.


Essentials of material behaviour (theory of Elasticity and Plasticity), classification of soils, Mechanical properties of soils, Effective stress.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Introduction of Earth structures.
2. Mechanical properties and specifics of soils.
3. Mechanical properties and specifics of rock material, secondary materials, light weight fills.
4. General principles of designing earth structures – settlements analysis.
5. General principles of designing earth structures – stabilty analysis.
6. Ground improvement – Preloading, Vacuum Consolidation, Vertical drains.
7. Ground improvement – Deep Compaction.
8. Ground improvement - Deep Soil Mixing.
9. Ground improvement – Stone Columns.
10. Geosynthetics - properties; separation, filtration, drainage and erosion function.
11. Geosynthetics - reinforcement function.
12. Technology of Earth structures(embankment, cut-off).
13. Monitoring of Earth structures.


Aim of this subject is to introduce theoretical and technological issues of earth structures with special emphasis on traffic structures. Theoretical part of the subject introduces basic theoretical principles, design procedures of earth structures (stability, deformation, ground improvement) and their analysis.
Technological part is dedicated to the issues connected with execution of the earth structures. It discusses construction requirements, ground improvement techniques and others.
Students will continuously verify gained knowledge on Seminars by manual calculations as well as by calculations supported by specialized software.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-P-E-SI (N) Master's

    branch K , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, compulsory

  • Programme N-K-C-SI (N) Master's

    branch K , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, compulsory

  • Programme N-P-C-SI (N) Master's

    branch K , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer