Course detail

History and Philosophy of Technology

FAST-CZ53Acad. year: 2020/2021

Antics and Ancient-Ages, philosophy and science, philosophical thinking, philosophical subjects, history of philosophy, personalities in philosophy, the system of philosophy, philosophical conceptions, importance of philosophical thinking about world, ethics and philosophy, contribution of philosophy, substance of philosophy, medieval thinking, the Renaissance revolution, rationalism and science, modern philosophy, capitalism and technology, the Industry Revolution, technical inventions, the Scientific-technical Revolution, modern social and technical world, perspectives for the future.

Department

Institute of Social Sciences (SPV)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Connections with historical, philosophical and technical development of human civilization. Orientation in basic philosophical epochas in history and at present time.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of world history in level of secondary schools, basic summary of important historical events in history, common survey about history of philosophy (important paradigms and personalities), knowledge of basic cultural periods in history (with continuity to civil engineering and architecture), orientation in the Industrial Revolution and Scientific-technical Revolution, basic periodisation of history, overview of natural sciences, mathematics, physics and technology.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

SOLOMON, R. C.: A short history of philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
STÖRIG, Hans J.: Malé dějiny filozofie. Praha: Vyšehrad, 1999. ISBN 80-7113-236-5.
EFMERTOVÁ, Marcela C. a MARÉS, Antoine: Historie vědy a techniky. Praha: Cefres, 2002. ISBN 80-86311-04-X.
SARTON, G.: A History of Science. Cambridge: Harward University Press, 1992.
ODEHNAL, Ivo: Úvod do filozofie člověka. Brno: Cerm, 2001. ISBN 80-7204-230-0.
DEMJANČUK, Nikolaj: Filozofie a vědecké myšlení. Plzeň: ZU, 2002. ISBN 80-86473-19-8.
JANOUŠEK, I.: Věda, technika a kultura. Praha: NTM, 2002.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. The concept of "philosophy". Introduction to the philosophical system and terminology. Ancient philosophy, science and technical knowledge.
2. Ancient philosophy. Philosophy in Greece. Beginning of philosophy. Socrates, Platon, Aristotle. Hellenistic philosophy. Survey of technical and structural achievements of the ancient world.
3. Philosophy before Christianity and in the early Christianity period. Medieval perspectives on the world and sciences. Conception of philosophy in the Middle Ages. Thomas Aquinas - pillar of medieval philosophy.
4. The Renaissance revolution - a new way forward? Philosophy of the Rennaissance and Reformation. Humanism. Comenius and Descartes as personalities of Rennaissance philosophy.
5. Rationalism and empiricism and their influence on the philosophic and scientific world. Locke, Hume and Berkeley. The Enlightenment and philosophy - Voltaire and Rousseau.
6. Immanuel Kant´s philosophy. The Critiques of Pure and Practical Reason.
7. The conceptions of science and technology in the modern age. The rice of capitalism and its influence on technological development.
8. The Industrial Revolution. The development of science, technology and civil engineering in the 19th century. Positivism in philosophy.
9. The development of philosophy, society and science in the 20th century. Phenomenology and hermeneutics. Existentialism.
10. Modern philosophy in the 20th century. Directions and personalities. The Vienna Circle. L. Wittgenstein.
11. The increase in technical innovation after World War Two. The role of civil engineering and architecture in technical progress.
12. The scientific-technical revolution and its importance for contemporary period.
13. Modernism and postmodernism in philosophy and the world of science.

Aims

Deepening and increasing in orientation in history of mankind, society, science and technology. Concretization of imagines about social development in continuity to philosophy and increase of natural and technical sciences. Systematic knowledge of important times, paradigms and personalities who are outstanding for update science and technology. Analysis of historical and philosophical development with view to nowadays and perspectives for future.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-P-C-GK Master's

    branch GD , 2. year of study, summer semester, 2 credits, compulsory-optional
    branch GD , 2. year of study, summer semester, 2 credits, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer