Course detail

Philosophy for Technicans

FAST-5Z0Acad. year: 2020/2021

philosophy, philosophical system of thinking, philosophical subjects, history of philosophy, personalities in philosophy, survey of philosophy, philosophical directions, importance of philosophical thinking about world, ethics and philosophy, contribution of philosophy, substance of philosophy.

Department

Institute of Social Sciences (SPV)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Not applicable.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge from secondary school from subject "Foundantion of social sciences (philosophy)" or "Civics"; basic orientation in philosophical systems, paradigmata and personalities of history of philosophy.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

SOLOMON, R. C.: A short history of philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press 1996
STORIG, H. J.: Malé dějiny filozofie. Praha: Zvon 1993
ARZENBACHER, A.: Úvod do etiky. Kostelní Vydří: Karmelitánské nakladatelství 2001
MARENBON, J.: Medieval philosophy. London: Routledge 1998

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

LECTURES:
1. The concept of "philosophy". Introduction to the philosophical system and terminology.
2. Ancient philosophy. Philosophy in Greece. The beginnings of philosophy.
3. The Milesian philosophical school and the other Greek philosophical systems (Eleatism, Atomism and Pythagoreans).
4. Hellenistics philosophy. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle.
5. Philosophy before Christianity and at the beginning of Christian period. Neoplatonism, Epicurianism, Stoicism.
6. The philosophy of the Middle-Ages. The universalism dispute.
St. Thomas Aquinss - pillar of medieval philosophy. Comparison with Aristotle and St. Augustine.
7. Early Modern philosophy. Philosophy of the Renaissance and Reformation. Cusanius, Bruno, Galilei, Bacon, Comenius and Descartes as personalities of the Renaissance and Modern philosophy. Spinoza and Leibniz.
8. Rationalism and empiricism in philosophy. Locke, Berkeley, Hume and Descartes. Enlightenment and philosophy - Voltaire and Rousseau.
9. Immanuel Kant´s philosophy. The Critiques of Pure and Practical Reason. The Critiques of Judgement. Pozitivism in philosophy.
10. Fichte, Schelling, Hegel and their contemporaries.
11. Positivism in philosophy. Schopenhauer, Hedigger and Nietzsche.
12. Phenomenology and hermeneutistics. Existential philosophy.
13. Modern philosophy in the 20th century. The Vienna Circle. L. Wittgenstein. Systems and personalities.

SEMINARS:
1. Analysis of the thought of the natural philosophers, Pythagoras and the Eleates.
2. The Sophists and their approach to philosophy. Plato´s work - analysis of dialogs, dialectics, ethics and law.
3. Aristotele´s publications, opinions on nature, dialectics, ethics and politics. Stoicism, Epicurianism, scepticism.
4. St. Augustine: Confessions - theme analysis.
5. Summa theologica and Summa contra gentiles - analysis of the works and thoughts of St. Thomas Aquinas.
6. Philosophy in the Renaissance and Reformation. Humanism and philosophy.
7. Social and political opinions in the works of religious reformers, Macchiavelli, Morus etc.
8. Cartesianism, analysis of the work of Descartes "Discourse of Method".
9. Kant´s opinions on knowledge, morality and religion, pre-Critique and post-Critique work.
10. Comte and a new view on society; Marxism and Utopian socialism.
11. Schopenhauer - "Zhe World as a Will and Idea", Nietzsche - "The Will to Power" - analysis of works.
12. J. P. Sartre, A. Camus, L. Wittgenstein - analysis of works.
13. Modern philosophy.

Aims

Increasing of orientation in basic philosophical paradigmata, periods and important personalities. Analysis of sources of philosophical thoughts with comparison to update science knowledge. Contribution of philosophical thought in history to development of nature and technical sciences.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

13 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Exercise

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer