Fundamentals of Instrumentation
FEKT-BPC-ZINAcad. year: 2020/2021
Existing and new combination techniques and techniques of play, focusing on orchestral instruments (especially brass and percussion), briefly non-orchestral, historical and ethnic instruments. Study of chamber and orchestral music, practical instrumental studies.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student will be able to:
- describe brass instruments in terms of creating tone,
- describe brass instruments in terms of playing techniques,
- describe percussion instruments in terms of creating tone,
- describe percussion instruments in terms of playing techniques,
- create instrumentation studies for combinations of brass and percussion instruments.
The knowledge of basic concepts of musical acoustics, tempo, expression and dynamic signs, and musical instruments tuning is required as well as musical intervals, scales and modes, chords and basic harmonic connections, timbres, capabilities and limitations of musical instruments, and the influence of room acoustics on the interpretation of music.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
SYROVÝ, V. Hudební zvuk. Nakladatelství Akademie múzických umění v Praze, Praha, 1. vydání, 2009, ISBN 978-80-7331-161-2. (CS)
Kohoutek, C. : Novodobé skladebné směry v hudbě. Praha, SHV 1965 (CS)
Modr, A.: Hudební nástroje, Editio Supraphon, Praha, 1977 (CS)
Emmert, F. : Poznámky k instrumentaci, I., II., JAMU, Brno, 1997, 2000 (CS)
Kotek, Miroslav: Bicí nástroje. Panton Praha, 1983 (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.
- Lectures consist of an explanation of basic principles supplemented with samples of scores and audio samples.
- Exercises support practical acquiring of themes presented at lectures in form of practical work with active participation of students.
Participation at lectures is recommended. Participation at other ways of instruction is checked.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Evaluation of study results follows Rules for Studies and Examinations of BUT and Dean's Regulation to the Rules for Studies and Examinations of BUT. Up to 100 points is given for the final oral examination and it is necessary to get at least 50 points for its successful completion. The exam is aimed at knowledge in area of instrumentation according to syllabus of subjects Fundamentals of Instrumentation 1 and 2.
Language of instruction
1. Brass instruments with their ancestral members: a basic introduction.
2. Brass instruments: tone production, articulation, breathing and endurance options for phrases.
3. Brass instruments: dynamic possibilities, vibrato, flageolet.
4. Brass instruments: special playing techniques, interpretation of micro-intervals, etc.
5. – 6. Brass instruments: creating short instrumentation studies.
7. Percussions: a basic introduction.
8. Percussions: tone production (types of drumsticks, etc.) articulation.
9. Percussions: dynamic possibilities, vibrato, flageolet.
10. Percussions: special playing techniques, interpretation of micro-intervals, etc.
11. Percussions: creating short instrumentation studies.
12. Creating a short instrumental study for a combination of brass and percussion instruments.
13. A brief introduction to non-orchestral, historical, and ethical instruments.
The aim of the course is to introduce students to existing and new combination techniques and playing techniques focusing on orchestral instruments (especially brass and percussion), and briefly to the non-orchestral, historical, and ethical instruments.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
To obtain the credit it is necessary to complete at least 10 exercises during semester. Other forms of the checked instructions are specified by a regulation issued by the guarantee of the course and updated for every academic year.