History of Music in the 20th Century
FEKT-BPC-DHUAcad. year: 2020/2021
The evolution of music, particularly of the European continent in the 20th century, and understanding the patterns of changes in artistic styles and compositional techniques. The social situation in the 19th and 20 centuries and its reflection in art: production of the sixties generation - Skrjabin, Mahler, Ives. Bearers of new ideas: Satie, Stravinskij, Les Six, Hindemith, Bartók. The second Viennese school and the onset of dodecaphony. The situation in the Czech states, Janacek and Martinu. The specific situation in the USA - Gershwin and Bernstein. Stalinist terror and production in the USSR. Reasons for the emergence of the post-war avant-garde and its main representatives. The Polish school, its specifics, representatives, and benefit. France: from Honegger to Messiaen. Electroacoustic music. The current situation; an overview of existing streams and composers at home and abroad.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student will be able to:
- name the major composers of the world of 19th and 20th centuries and characterize their productions,
- name the major European authors of first half of the 20th century and characterize their productions,
- name the important Czech composers of first half of the 20th century and characterize their productions,
- explain the patterns of changes in artistic styles and compositional techniques of the 20th century,
- describe the second Viennese atonal school in terms of compositional technique.
- name the major composers of the second half of the 20th century from the USA and describe their productions,
- name the major composers of USSR and describe their productions,
- explain the reasons for the post-war avant-garde and list its main representatives,
- describe the Polish school and its specifics, as well as name its representatives,
- name the major French composers of the second half of the 20th century and describe their productions,
- describe the history of electroacoustic music, its main streams and representatives,
- describe the current situation in music and name existing streams and significant Czech and world composers.
Knowledge of general education is required, on the basis of which the student has passed the admission procedure.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Schnierer M. Hudba 20.století. Učební text JAMU, Brno, 2007. (CS)
ČERNUŠÁK, G. Dějiny evropské hudby. Praha : SNKHLU, 1964. (CS)
KOHOUTEK, C. Novodobé skladebné směry v hudbě. Praha : SHV, 1965. (CS)
Navrátil M. Nástin vývoje evropské hudby 20. století, Ostrava, 1993. (CS)
Vysloužil J. Hudebníci 20. storočia, Opus Bratislava 1981, 2.vyd.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations. Lectures consist of an explanation accompanied with listening of recordings and their analysis, photographs and score samples. Participation at lectures is mandatory.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
The evaluation of study results follows the Rules for Studies and Examinations of BUT and the Dean's Regulation on the Rules for Studies and Examinations of BUT. At the end of the semester the student will submit a seminar paper in written form containing analysis and characterization of the chosen composition of the 20th century within the bounds of the subject. Up to 100 points are given for the final oral examination, and it is necessary to earn at least 50 points for its successful completion.
Language of instruction
1. – 3. Production of the sixties generation: Skrjabin, Mahler, Ives.
4. – 8. Bearers of new ideas: Satie, Stravinskij, Les Six, Hindemith, Bartók.
9. The onset of dodecaphony.
10. – 11. Second Viennese school: Berg, Webern.
12. – 13. The situation in the Czech states: Janacek, Martinu.
16.-17 Renaissance of old forms and methods in music of 1st Century 20th Century: neo-classicism, neo-baroque - the ideals of parisian sets, Stravinsky
18.-19. Reasons for the post-war avant-garde after the Second World War and its main representatives.
20.-21. Polish composition school, its specifics, the representatives, the contribution.
22. France: from Honegger to Messiaen.
23-24. Electroacoustic, concrete and industrial music and their functions from the second half of the 20th century to the present
25-26. Current situation: an overview of existing composing techniques and composing personages in the Czech Republic and the world.
The aim of the course is to introduce students to the evolution of music, particularly on the European continent in the 20th century.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Forms of the checked instructions are specified by a regulation issued by the guarantee of the course and updated for every academic year.