Course detail

Molecular materials

FCH-DCO_MMAcad. year: 2020/2021

The course is focused on the promising field of electronics and construction of electronic elements in which molecular material represents a functional medium. Fundamentals of molecular physics, electronic structure of molecular materials, low-molecular-weight and polymeric, generation and transport of charge carriers, optical properties of molecular materials and properties of quasi-particles like excitons, solitons and polarons are discussed in detail. The relationship between the chemical structures and physical and chemical properties is applied to polymer insulators, molecular semiconductors and synthetic metals. Physical electron processes are discussed on the molecular basis. Construction of molecular elements is presented on two levels, macroscopic (classic electronic devices using molecular materials) and microscopic (here, the principles of electronic devices are explained on the basis of single molecules). The functions of rectification elements, transistors, optical and photorefractive memories, photodetectors and electroluminescent diodes are discussed in detail.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Knowledge in the field of electronic properties of molecules and molecular systems.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge from organic and physical chemistry, solid state physics (basic course) and semiconductor physics (introduction).

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Malhotra S., Prasad B. L. V., Fraxedas, J., Molecular Materials: Preparation, Characterization, and Applications, CRC Press; 2017 (EN)
Ficoira, F., Santato, C., Organic Electronics: Emerging Concepts and Technologies, Wiley-VCH; 2013 (EN)
Ostroverkhova O., Handbook of Organic Materials for Electronic and Photonic Devices, Woodhead Publishing, 2018 (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course uses teaching methods in form of individual consultation. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

The course is focused on the promising field of electronics and construction of electronic elements in which molecular material represents a functional medium. Fundamentals of molecular physics, electronic structure of molecular materials, low-molecular-weight and polymeric, generation and transport of charge carriers, optical properties of molecular materials and properties of quasi-particles like excitons, solitons and polarons are discussed in detail. The relationship between the chemical structures and physical and chemical properties is applied to polymer insulators, molecular semiconductors and synthetic metals. Physical electron processes are discussed on the molecular basis. Construction of molecular elements is presented on two levels, macroscopic (classic electronic devices using molecular materials) and microscopic (here, the principles of electronic devices are explained on the basis of single molecules). The functions of rectification elements, transistors, optical and photorefractive memories, photodetectors and electroluminescent diodes are discussed in detail.

Electrical properties of molecules
Organic insulators, semiconductors and conductors
Molecular crystals
Electron structure of molecular materials
Excitons, polarons, solitons
Excitation energy transfer
Charge carrier generation and transport
Basic photophysical and photochemical processes
Photochromism and photoconductivity
Relationship: chemical structure and electronic properties of molecules
Diodes and transistors
Macroscopic and microscopic approach to the construction of molecular elements
Basic methods of characterization of electrical parameters of materials

Aims

Not applicable.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme DKAP_CHM_4 Doctoral

    branch DKAO_CHM_4 , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme DKCP_CHM_4 Doctoral

    branch DKCO_CHM_4 , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme DPAP_CHM_4 Doctoral

    branch DPAO_CHM_4 , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme DPCP_CHM_4 Doctoral

    branch DPCO_CHM_4 , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme DPCP_CHM_4_N Doctoral, 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DKCP_CHM_4_N Doctoral, 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory-optional

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