Syntheses of polymers
FCH-MCO_SPLAcad. year: 2020/2021
The lecture deals with theoretical principles of macromolecules formation by both polycondensation and polymerization reactions with attention to living polymerizations. Monomers - compounds able to form polymers - are discussed from different aspects. Mechanisms of raising active centers and possibilities of their transformation are summarized. The lecture compares aspects of mechanisms and kinetics of radical, anionic, cationic and coordination polymerizations. It deals with elementary initiation, propagation, transfer and termination reactions, the living polymerizations being accentuated. It describes reaction mechanisms of both standard and special copolymers formation and explains problematics of polycondensation and polyaddition reactions.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Organic Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Macromolecular Chemistry
Examens Organic Chemistry I, II, Physical ChemistryI, II, Macromolecular Chemistry
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Kučera M.: Mechanismus a kinetika polymerací. Academia, Praha 1984. (CS)
Kučera M.: Makromolekulární chemie. Synthesa makromolekul. VUTIUM, VUT Brno, Brno 1999. (CS)
Vohlídal J.: Makromolekulární chemie. Univerzita Karlova, Karolinum, Praha 1995. (CS)
Harper C. A.: Handbook of Plastics, Elastomers and Composites. McGraw–Hill, New York 2002. (CS)
Mleziva J., Kálal J.: Základy makromolekulární chemie. SNTL, Praha 1986. (CS)
Saechtling H.: International Plastics Handbook. Hanser, Munich 1983. (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course uses teaching methods in form of Lecture - 2 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Presentation of an own project
Language of instruction
1)Theoretical principles of macromolecules formation. 2) An overwiev of important monomers and their production. 3) Mechanisms of raising active centers and possibilities of their transformation.
4) Comparison of mechanisms and kinetics of radical, anionic, cationic and coordination polymerizations. 5) Elementary reactions of initiation, propagation, termination and transfer. 6) Mechanisms of living polymerizations.
7) Mechanisms and kinetics of standard and special copolymers formation. 8) Mechanisms and reaction kinetics of polycondensation and gradual polyaddition reactions.
The goal of the lecture “Polymer Syntheses” is to improve both theoretical and practical knowledge of students in the macromolecular chemistry field. The lecture deals with kinetics and reaction mechanisms of raising of polymers, and with procedures of their laboratory synthesis and industrial production.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Classification of course in study plans
- Programme NKCP_CHM Master's
branch NKCO_CHM , 1. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory
- Programme NPCP_CHM Master's
branch NPCO_CHM , 1. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory
- Programme CKCP_CZV lifelong learning
branch CKCO_CZV , 1. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory