Binders 1 - Theoretical Principles of the Structure of Silicate (M)
FAST-BJ051Acad. year: 2019/2020
Concise principles of thermodynamics, the first and second law of thermodynamics, heat of formation, chemical equilibrium, Guldberg-Waag law, system out-of-equilibrium, reaction isotherm, State behaviour of liquids, skin effects, cohesive pressure, transport phenomena in liquids, Phase equilibria, one component system, Gibbs law, two components system. Heterogeneous one-, two-, and more components system, solubility of gases in liquids. Solid phase-gas system, solid phase - liquid phase, ternary systems. Electrochemistry, Faraday’s laws, molar conductivity of weak and strong electrolytes, Wheatstone bridge, dissociation and hydrolysis, ionic product of water, galvanic cells. Disperse systems, classification, basic physical properties, coagulation, zeta potential. Reaction kinetics, order and molecularity of reaction, reactions of 1st, 2nd and higher orders, catalysts.
The structure of silicates, Pauling’s principles, basic structural arrangement. Clay minerals, structural arrangement, classification, water bound in clay minerals. Structure and properties of silicate melts, crystallization of melts, glass structures. Heterogeneous equilibria in silicate systems, solid state reactions.
Institute of Technology of Building Materials and Components (THD)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student would manage the goal of the subject by acquiring knowledge on theoretical and technological backgrounds for the production of inorganic construction binding material, namely chemistry and technology of plastering, lime burning and cement industry.
Physics, chemistry, building materials.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Language of instruction
1.Chemical equilibria, the Guldberg-Waag Law, systems outside of equilibrium, reaction isotherm.
2.State behaviour of liquids, surface effects, cohesion pressure, transport processes in liquids.
3.Phase equilibria, one component system, Gibbs Law of phases, system with two components.
4.Heterogeneous one-, two- and more-components systems, solubility of gases in liquids.
5.The systems: solid phase-gas, solid phase-liquid phase, ternary systems.
6.Electrochemistry, Faradays Laws, molar conductivity of weak and strong electrolytes, the Wheatstone´s bridge, dissociation and hydrolysis, ionic product of water, galvanic elements.
7.Disperse systems, division, basic physical properties, coagulation, zeta-potential.
8.Reaction kinetics, order and molecularity of reaction, reactions of 1st, 2nd, and higher orders, catalysts.
9.Structure of silicates, Pauling´s principles, basic structural arrangement.
10.Clay minerals, structural arrangement. Classification of clay minerals, water bond in clay minerals.
11.Structure and the properties of silicate melt. Melt crystallisation, the structure of glass.Heterogeneous equilibria in silicate systems, reactions in solid state.
Theoretical and Technological Fundamentals of Inorganic Building Binders, namely the chemistry and technology of plaster, lime and cement manufacture.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.
Classification of course in study plans