Geographical Information Systems
FAST-TE01Acad. year: 2019/2020
Geographical information system (GIS),its objective, function and structure. relation between GISand CAD. geographic object, information and database systems, modern methods of works with data (genetic algorithm. neural networks), Various forms of data, their relations (homeomorfismus), Basic characteristics of geographical data, topology in GIS. SDI, INSPIRE, Digital terrain model, organization of DTM data in GIS. Standards,"openGIS", spatial analysis of data, current trends in GIS
Institute of Geodesy (GED)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Basis knowledge needed for GIS design.
Ability to create a GIS project in Geomedia Intergraph and Arc/Info Systems.
Fundamental knowledge of information technology.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Smutný, J.: Geografické informační systémy. VUT, FAST, Brno, 1998. (CS)
Bartoněk, D.: Územní informační systémy. M1, M2. Elektronické studijní opory,. VUT, FAST, Brno, 2010. (CS)
Bill, R.- Fritsch, D.: Grundlagen der Geo-Informationssysteme. Herbert Wichmann Verlag, 1991. (DE)
Longley, P. .A. et all.: Geographic Information – Systems and Science. Wiley Europe, 2001. (EN)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Language of instruction
1. Introduction, definition, interdisciplinary relationships, geographic object, homeomorphism
2. Information systems: types, methods of design, information systems in public administration
3. Database systems: relational algebra, SQL language, spatial indexes, spatial queries, data mining (cluster analysis, artificial neural networks, genetic algorithms)
4. Topology (mathematical, pragmatic - Standard DIGEST)
5. Data models in GIS (vector, raster, matrix)
6. Sources of data in GIS, web mapping services
7. SDI (Spatial Data Infrastructure for), the INSPIRE Directive
8. Digital elevation model (raster, vector, TIN)
9. Input data, metadata, data accuracy and quality - standards
10. Map algebra: a model, operators, functions, typical tasks
11. Spatial analysis: history, purpose, types (measurement and classification functions, overlay function in the neighborhood, connecting function)
12. Current trends and developments of GIS
Understanding of information systems and databases with connection to spatial identification. Principles of work with ArcGIS and Geomedia Intergraph.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.