Science of Colour and Light
FSI-YN1Acad. year: 2019/2020
The subject gets students acquainted with the basics in colour and light theory that are used in industrial design. It is a basic understanding of 2D and 2D colouring, colour combination and composition, colour illusions, importance of light and illumination in design practice.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
This subject gives students the knowledge of basic principles and connection in colour perception and allows application of the gained knowledge in their own designs.
Basic knowledge of optics and basic practical experience in work with colour.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Pipes, A.: Foundations of Art and Design. Laurence King Publishing, Second edition, London 2008
Chorý, T.: Barva a design, Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, Olomouc 2014 (CS)
Dojčar Z., Rajlich J.: Barva (studijní opora k předmětu YN1 Nauka o barvě a světle). ÚK FSI VUT Brno, 2003
Chorý, T.: Barva a design, Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, Olomouc 2014
Wong, W.: Principles of color design. John Willey, 1997
Zajonc, A.: Uchopit světlo. Dějiny světla a mysli. Malvern, Olomouc 2015
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Teaching is suplemented by creative work in ateliers.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Graded course-unit credit requirements: Attendance at exercises, meeting assigned projects deadlines.
Resulting evaluation consists of evaluations on tasks. In total it will be possible to aquire 100 points. Resulting classification will be defined by the ECTS scale. If some of the projects are awarded less than half of the maximum pts., final evaluation of the course is F "failed" .
According to the article No. 13 of Study and Examination Rules of Brno University of Technology ECTS evaluation degree scale is used. . If some of the projects are awarded less than 50 pts., final evaluation of the course is "failed". The course is evaluated with the following grades: ECTS EVALUATION DEGREES / PTS. RATING / NUMERIC RATING: A / 100 - 90 / 1 / Excellent; B /89 - 80 / 1,5 / Very good; C / 79 - 70 / 2 / Good; D / 69 - 60 / Satisfactory; E / 59 - 50 / Sufficient; F / 49 - 0 / 4 / Failed.
Language of instruction
The aim of the subject is to get students acquainted with the theory and rules or perception and using of colours, its historic and technological context and most importantly, its aesthetic effects. Practical workshops focus on composition of colour study.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Recommended attendance at lectures, compulsory attendance at seminars. Education runs according to the week schedule. The way of compensation of missed seminars is specified by the tutor.
Type of course unit
13 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
1. Introduction, connection of colour and shape, material, division of a whole, relationship of design and free art forms
2. History/theory, Ancient times, Empedoklés, Aristotelés, Démokritos, Platón, Plinius, Cennini
3. Modern times, da Vinci, Forsius, Aguilonius, Newton, Goethe, Runge, Purkyně, Young, Chevreul
4. Maxwell, Helmholz, Hering, Munsell, Ostwald, Richter
5. Colour modes, CIE 1931, CIELAB, HLS, RGB, CMN-86
6. Colour perception, setting and activity of eye, light and origin of colour perception, theory of colour vision
7. Colour mixing, additive colour model (RGB), pigments, print colours (CMY)
8. Illumination and colour perception (reflection, absorption), gloss and matt
9. Colour arrangement, terminology, grey scale and colour circle
10. Physical perception, psychological and symbolic meaning of colours, associations, colour and space
11. Colour harmonization, expression, harmony, contrasts, colour combinations
12. Colour and paper, colour in printing, means of measuring the saturation of colours, types of paper
13. Application and spraying of colours, pigments and their characters, colouring various materials, types of paints and varnishes, dilutants and binders, etc.
26 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
1. Assigning 1st task, colour composition on topic mixing colours
2. Work on colour composition on topic mixing colours
3. Work on colour composition on topic mixing colours
4. Work on colour composition on topic mixing colours
5. Evaluation of 1st assignment /analysis of strengths and weaknesses/, assignment of 2nd task, colour composition of warm and cold colours (temperature contrast, colour perspective)
6. Work on colour composition of warm and cold colours
7. Work on colour composition of warm and cold colours
8. Work on colour composition of warm and cold colours
9. Evaluation of 2nd assignment /analysis of strengths and weaknesses/, assignment of 3rd task, colour composition on topic simultaneous contrast
10. Work on colour composition on topic simultaneous contrast
11. Work on colour composition on topic simultaneous contrast
12. Work on colour composition on topic simultaneous contrast
13. Evaluation of 3rd assignment /analysis of strengths and weaknesses/
eLearning: currently opened course