Course detail

Cardiac diagnostics

FEKT-MPA-DVKAcad. year: 2020/2021

Not applicable.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Not applicable.

Prerequisites

Not applicable.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

MARSCHALL S. R., Netter's cardiology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders/Elsevier, 2010. ISBN 14-377-0637-1. (CS)
WEBSTER, John G a John W CLARK. Medical instrumentation: application and design. 4th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley, c2010. ISBN 978-0471676003. (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction

English

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Anatomy of the heart - four-stroke pump, transfer heart system, heart wall layers, vascular supply of the heart.
2. Electrical manifestations of the heart - electromechanical properties of the heart, action potential, electric vector.
3. Heart Mechanical Activity - Heart Cycle, Frank-Starling Mechanism, Heart Adaptation to Load, Arrhythmia, and Fibrillation.
4. EKG Leakage Systems - Standard Bipolar Leakage Leads, Unipolar Leads, Goldberger Semi-Unipolar Leads, Twelve-lead ECGs.
5. Acquisition of ECG, amplifiers and electrical separation from the grid - electrode design, technical solutions and ECG sensor requirements, ECG properties for signal acquisition, opamp, instrument amplifier, electrical isolation circuits.
6. ECG noise, sources of interference - effects of ECG noise, sources of interference, useful and noise component of ECG, CMRR, driven right leg.
7. Analogue ECG filtering - design of hardware filters, RC, order of filters, types of filters.
8. Digital ECG filtering - software filters design, network noise filtering, myopotential filtration, QRS highlighting, filter types and their properties.
9. Evaluation of ECG curve - creation of ECG curve, ventricular vectors, ECG dimensioning and evaluation, morphology of physiological and pathological ECG curves, technical and biological artifacts in ECG.
10. R-wave detectors - R-wave detectors, zero-pass passes, Pan-Tompkins, wavelet transformation detectors, QRS frequency spectrum, QRS abnormalities.
11. Variability of heart rhythm - construction, preprocessing and evaluation of tachographs, HRV parameters in time, geometry, frequency and nonlinear area.
12. Arrhythmia - basic heart rhythms, mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmias, extrasystoles, blockades, arrhythmias, Laddergram.
13. Vector cardiography and cardiac oscillation - cardiac axis, vector cardiography, ECG compression using orthogonal transformations.

Aims

Not applicable.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme MPA-BIO Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Laboratory exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer