Course detail

Physics of Metrology

FSI-XMFAcad. year: 2019/2020

Metrology is a scientific and technical branch closely connected to the existence and development of another fields or areas of technical or another application character. These fields include mainly production, transport, telecommunication, health service, business etc. Metrology is used for a quantitative determination and stipulation of different effects, conditions and properties within these disciplines. The course is devoted to the explanation of the theoretical base of metrology, the so-called metrological physics. It includes description of the system of physical quantities and units; and selected physical laws, which form the principles of measurements. Moreover, in the frame of the course different methods of measurements will be discussed, including the techniques for minimising the influence of systematic errors that usually have physical merits.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Understanding of the physical phenomena of methods of measurements and the functional principles of measuring instruments.


Completion of one course of university physics.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

ANTHONY, D.M. Engineering Metrology. New York: Pergamon Press, 1987.
Normy: ČSN 01 0115: Mezinárodní slovník základních a všeobecných termínů v metrologii. ISO 31 (Části 0-13): Veličiny a jednotky.
HALLIDAY, D., RESNICK, R. and WALKER, J. Fyzika. 1198 s. Brno-Praha:VUTIUM-PROMETHEUS, 2000. Přeloženo z: Fundamentals of Physics, 5.vydání: Wiley,1997 (s přihlédnutím ke změnám pro 6. vydání pro rok 2001).
DOEBELIN, O.D. Measurement Systems. Application and Design. 4. vydání. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1990. 960 s. ISMN 0-07-100697-4.
Normy: ČSN 01 0115: Mezinárodní slovník základních a všeobecných termínů v metrologii. ISO 31 (Části 0-13): Veličiny a jednotky.
SERWAY, R.A. and BEICHNER, R.J. Physics for Scientist and Engineers with Modern Physics. 5. vydání. Orlando: Saunders College Publisching, 2000. 1551 s.
PRONĚNKO, V.I., JAKIRIN, R.V. Metrologija v promyšlenosti. Kijev: Technika, 1976. 216 s.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Teaching is suplemented by practical laboratory work.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Active participation in seminars and submitting written reports. The exam has a written and an oral part.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


Explanation of the physical fundamentals of the metrology.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance at seminars is required and checked by the tutor.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2I-P Master's

    branch M-KSB , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Metrology and its physical background.
Physical quantities. International system of units(SI).
Qualitative and quantitative relation between different physical quantities.
Solution of the problems of the scientific metrology by means of physics. Examples:
Defining the new quantities. Defining quantities more precisely.
Realisation of the physical quantities, research and development of etalons
Physical principles of the representative methods of measurement (resistance, induction, piezoelectric, thermoelectric, photoelectric, optical, radiation).
Development of the modern principles of measurement. (Metrological applications of lasers.)

labs and studios

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Coherence length of the He-Ne laser.
Laser interferometer.
Application of lasers.
Laser microinterferometry.
Light polarisation.
Computation using the light.