Course detail

Aeroplane Propellers

FSI-OT0Acad. year: 2019/2020

Theory of ideal propulser, efficiency of propeller. Aerodynamic characteristics of propellers. Vortex theory of propellers, design of propeller, calculation of aerodynamics characteristics. Constant pitch and constant speed propellers. Low pressure propeller ventilator. Wind power propellers. Basic theory of helicopter rotor, description of rotor blades, control of helicopter.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will gain the knowledge how to compute and design an aeroplane propeller, low pressure axial compressor and propeller for a wind power station from the aerodynamic point of view. Motion of rotor blades of helicopters will be described too.


Basic knowledge of mathematics, differential and integral calculus, ordinary differential equations. Basic knowledge of physics, mechanics, statics and dynamics.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Doc. Jiří Švéda: Teotie vrtulí a vrtulníků, , 0
Glauert,H: Airplane Propellers. In: Durand, W.F.Aerodynamic Theory, Vol.IV California Institute of Technology, USA
Alexandrov: Letecké vrtule

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

A course unit credit is awarded on the basis of checked presence at lectures. Presence at 10 lectures is required at least.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


Students will gain basic information on simple methods of aerodynamic design for aeroplane propellers, low pressure axial compressors, wind power propellers and information on helicopter rotors.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

A course unit credit is not awarded unless the presence at lectures is less then 10. In the case of a long term illness (or similar cases) small part of lectures (max. 2 lectures) may be compensated by consultation and home study.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2I-P Master's

    branch M-LPR , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, elective (voluntary)
    branch M-LPR , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, elective (voluntary)
    branch M-STL , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, elective (voluntary)

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Ideal propulser theory
Efficiency of a propulser
Aerodynamic characteristics of a propeller
Mutual influence of propeller and airplane
Vortex theory of propellers
Optimization of propellers, basic methods
Design of a propeller, calculation of a propeller characteristics, constant speed propeller
Low pressure duct fan, optimized design
Propeller wind power stations, problems related to wind energy utilization
Design of propeller for wind power station
Propeller's noise, possibilities of propeller noise reduction
Theory of helicopter rotor
Movement of rotor blades and their control during forward flight and zero speed

E-learning texts

Text přednášek a prezentace (cs) - Záznam přednášek OTO