Psychology and Sociology in Traffic
ÚSI-EDPSDAcad. year: 2019/2020
The course focuses on the transfer, analysis and application of relevant knowledge and the use of psychological, humanities and sociological aspects in transport. It deals with basic bases of psychology, sociology and pedagogy and the subject of its research in the context of transport, which it evaluates. It focuses on personality and psychological functions in driving from the perspective of normality and pathology (risk driver), from the human perspective in the context of social situations applicable in transport. It deals with some selected aspects concerning attention, perception, influence of emotions, social behavior in traffic situations. It deals with human reactions mentally in a traumatic situation, the emergence of PTSP including victims and their victimization.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The graduate is able to assess the function of human psyche and social behavior of participants in transport and characterize mental and social processes leading to accidents or conditions close to them. From this point of view it analyzes the human-vehicle-communication interaction from the perspective of humanities, it deals with the human-machine interaction, describes and analyzes the function of the human psyche, especially in stressful situations. An important part is the analysis of road safety issues in terms of human factor and the latest findings explaining the causes of behavior in traumatic situations, especially in transport. The output of the study is also the ability to analyze and synthesize psychological and social impacts, as well as self-knowledge and communication in difficult traffic-related situations, knowledge focused on the consequences of errors and traumatic situations arising in traffic and their impact on the human psyche, including prevention. The course will provide the necessary competences, evaluate these factors.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
HAVLÍK,K. Psychologie pro řidiče. Portál, Praha 2005 (CS)
VYKOPALOVÁ,H. Sociální psychologie v kontextu komunikace. UP.Olomouc 2000 (CS)
BEDRNOVÁ,E.a kol. Duševní hygiena a sebeřízení. Foftuna, Praha 1999 (CS)
VIZINOVÁ,D., PREISS,M. Psychické trauma a jeho terapie. Portál, Praha 1999 (CS)
ŠPATENKOVÁ, N.: a kol. Krizová intervence pro praxi. Grada, Praha 2004 (CS)
VYKOPALOVÁ,H.Psychologie v dopravě, VUT v Brně 2012, ISBN: 978-80-214-4564-2 (CS)
SCHMEIDLER, Karel. Mobilita, transport a dostupnost ve městě. Ostrava: Key Publishing, 2010. ISBN 978-80-7418-102-3. (CS)
SCHMEIDLER, Karel. Problémy mobility stárnoucí populace. Brno: Novpress, 2009. ISBN 978-80-87342-05-3. (CS)
ŠUCHA, Matúš. Dopravní psychologie pro praxi: výběr, výcvik a rehabilitace řidičů. Praha: Grada, 2013. Psyché. ISBN 978-80-247-4113-0. (CS)
ŠTIKAR, Jiří, Jiří HOSKOVEC a Jana ŠMOLÍKOVÁ. Psychologie v dopravě: výběr, výcvik a rehabilitace řidičů. Praha: Karolinum, 2003. ISBN 80-246-0606-2. (CS)
Zákon č. 361/2000 Sb., o provozu na pozemních komunikacích a o změnách některých zákonů (CS)
CHMELÍK, Jan. Dopravní nehody. Plzeň: Vydavatelství a nakladatelství Aleš Čeněk, 2009. ISBN 978-80-7380-211-0. (CS)
SCHMEIDLER, Karel, ed. Human-machine interface in car using ADAS and IVIS. Brno: Transport research centre Brno in collaboration with Humanist VCE, Lyon, European Science Foundation and COST Office, Brussels, 2011. ISBN 978-80-86502-18-2. (EN)
Povinné zdravotní prohlídky řidičů-seniorů. In: Seniorclub [online]. [cit. 2019-01-28]. Dostupné z: http://seniorclub.cz/?q=node/7 (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Teaching is carried out through lectures and seminars. Lectures consist of interpretations of basic principles, methodology of given discipline, problems and their exemplary solutions. Seminars particularly support practical mastery of subject matter presented in lectures or assigned for individual study with the active participation of students.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Conditions of graded course-unit credit:
Participation in seminars, compliance of assigned tasks, practically oriented excursion into selected institution.
Language of instruction
1. Introduction. Human factor in transport, importance of knowledge of human psyche and behavior. Psychology as a science of behavior and experience, sociology and social psychology as a science and society, its structure and function.
2. Functioning of human psyche, attention, lucidity, vigility. Perception, disturbances in perception, illusions and delusions, methods and techniques of their measurement.
3. Personality, risky personality in driving, basic knowledge about temperament, influence on behavior in traffic situation. Driver and age specifics, old drivers, young drivers, gender issues in transport. Measurement of power and error, propensity to accident.
4. Aggression and aggression, conflicts in the transport social field, stress, stressors, defense mechanisms.
5. Behavior in various social situations, in the crowd, influence of emotions on behavior, behavior and socio-psychological aspects of behavior in transport
6. Altruism and its importance, especially in transport
7. Human-machine cooperation in terms of safety. Positives and negatives of development.
8. Psychosomatic aspects in transport. Significance of self-knowledge, behavior correction, illness, intoxication
9. Mobility and transport and influence on society and quality of life. Inclusive mobility
10. Communication in difficult traffic situations, importance of nonverbal communication. Mediation as a way of conflict resolution.
11. Traffic accident as a traumatic situation, possible consequences and manifestations on the psyche, impacts and their measurement.
12. Post-traumatic stress disorder and its solution
13. Victims of traffic accidents, victimization.
The course is focused on understanding the importance of psychology and sociology in transport, evaluation of the causes of traffic accidents and their application possibilities in the practice of an expert.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Classification of course in study plans
- Programme EID_P Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, 2 credits, compulsory