Physical chemistry of macromolecule systems
FCH-MCO_FCMAcad. year: 2019/2020
Classification and properties of disperse systems: kinetic and dynamic properties of disperse systems.
Thermal motion dynamics and consequences: osmosis, diffusion, concentration fluctuations.
Sedimentation and sedimentation analysis. Viscosity of disperse systems.
Elastic light scattering, quasi-elastic light scattering.
Macromolecular systems: classifiacation, configuration and stereoregularity.
Conformation statistics, freely-rotating chain, freely-jointed chain, constrained chain, equivalent chain, persistent length of chain, domain of macromolecule clusters.
Thermodynamics of polymer solutions, combinatoric entropy and enthalpy of mixing, Flory-Huggins equation, interaction parameter.
Phase behavior of polymer solutions, the critical dissolving temperature, the critical composition.
Diluted polymer solutions, random coil conformation, Flory-Fox equation, hydrodynamic properties of polymer solutions, osmotic pressure.
Polyelectrolytes: conformation, electrostatic effects, the ionic atmosphere, membrane and osmotic equilibria.
Macromolecular gels, covalently crosslinked polymers, gelation, ionogenic gels, swelling behavior, thermodynamics of elasticity, rheological properties, physically crosslinked polymers.
Micellar colloids, classification, properties, the association number, thermodynamics of micellization.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students will obtain the theoretical knowledge of polymer physics and physical chemistry of macromolecular systems.
physical chemistry, mathemetics, macromolecular chemistry, rheology
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Gedde U. W.: Polymer Physics. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 1995. (CS)
Holzmüller W., Altenburg K.: Fyzika polymerů. SNTL Praha, Praha 1966. (CS)
Meissner B., Zilvar V.: Fyzika polymerů. SNTL/ALFA, Praha 1987. (CS)
Doi M.: Introduction to Polymer Physic. Clarendon Press, Oxford 1996. (CS)
Pouchlý J.: Fyzikální chemie makromolekulárních a koloidních soustav. VŠCHT Praha, Praha 1998. (CS)
Sperling L. H.: Introduction to physical polymer science. John Wiley and Sons 2001 (CS)
Bartovská L., Šišková M. Fyzikální chemie povrchů a koloidních soustav. VŠCHT Praha, Praha 2002. (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course uses teaching methods in form of Lecture - 2 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Written and oral exam.
Language of instruction
1. Disperse systems: Classification and properties.
2. Thermal motion and its concequences.
3. Sedimentation and sedimentation analysis. Viscosity of disperse systems.
4. Elastic light scattering,
5. Experimental evaluation of elastic (static) light scattering. Quasi-elastic (dynamic) light scattering.
6. Macromolecules, conformation statistics, freely-jointed and freely-rotated chain.
7. Constrained chain, local conformations, equivalent chain, persistent length of the chain.
8. Thermodynamics of polymer solutions, combinatoric entropy of mixing.
9. Enthalpy of mixing, Flory-Huggins equation.
10. Phase behavior of polymer solutions. Diluted polymer solutions, random coil conformation.
11. Flory-Fox equation, hydrodynamic properties of polymer solutions, osmotic pressure, polydispersity, polyelectrolytes, membrane and osmotic equillibria.
12. Macromolecular gels, covalently crosslinked gels, ionogenic gels, swelling behavior, physically crosslinked gels.
13. Micellar colloids
The aim of the course Physical Chemistry of Macromolecular systems is to explain kinetic properties of disperse systems, thermodynamics of polymer solutions and their applications in technologies and other fields.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Classification of course in study plans
- Programme NPCP_SCH Master's
branch NPCO_SCH , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory
- Programme NKCP_SCH Master's
branch NKCO_SCH , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory
- Programme NPCP_MA Master's
branch NPCO_MA , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory
- Programme CKCP_CZV lifelong learning
branch CKCO_CZV , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory