Course detail

Physical chemistry of macromolecule systems

FCH-MCO_FCMAcad. year: 2019/2020

Classification and properties of disperse systems: kinetic and dynamic properties of disperse systems.
Thermal motion dynamics and consequences: osmosis, diffusion, concentration fluctuations.
Sedimentation and sedimentation analysis. Viscosity of disperse systems.
Elastic light scattering, quasi-elastic light scattering.
Macromolecular systems: classifiacation, configuration and stereoregularity.
Conformation statistics, freely-rotating chain, freely-jointed chain, constrained chain, equivalent chain, persistent length of chain, domain of macromolecule clusters.
Thermodynamics of polymer solutions, combinatoric entropy and enthalpy of mixing, Flory-Huggins equation, interaction parameter.
Phase behavior of polymer solutions, the critical dissolving temperature, the critical composition.
Diluted polymer solutions, random coil conformation, Flory-Fox equation, hydrodynamic properties of polymer solutions, osmotic pressure.
Polyelectrolytes: conformation, electrostatic effects, the ionic atmosphere, membrane and osmotic equilibria.
Macromolecular gels, covalently crosslinked polymers, gelation, ionogenic gels, swelling behavior, thermodynamics of elasticity, rheological properties, physically crosslinked polymers.
Micellar colloids, classification, properties, the association number, thermodynamics of micellization.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will obtain the theoretical knowledge of polymer physics and physical chemistry of macromolecular systems.

Prerequisites

physical chemistry, mathemetics, macromolecular chemistry, rheology

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Gedde U. W.: Polymer Physics. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 1995. (CS)
Holzmüller W., Altenburg K.: Fyzika polymerů. SNTL Praha, Praha 1966. (CS)
Meissner B., Zilvar V.: Fyzika polymerů. SNTL/ALFA, Praha 1987. (CS)
Doi M.: Introduction to Polymer Physic. Clarendon Press, Oxford 1996. (CS)
Pouchlý J.: Fyzikální chemie makromolekulárních a koloidních soustav. VŠCHT Praha, Praha 1998. (CS)
Sperling L. H.: Introduction to physical polymer science. John Wiley and Sons 2001 (CS)
Bartovská L., Šišková M. Fyzikální chemie povrchů a koloidních soustav. VŠCHT Praha, Praha 2002. (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course uses teaching methods in form of Lecture - 2 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Written and oral exam.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Disperse systems: Classification and properties.
2. Thermal motion and its concequences.
3. Sedimentation and sedimentation analysis. Viscosity of disperse systems.
4. Elastic light scattering,
5. Experimental evaluation of elastic (static) light scattering. Quasi-elastic (dynamic) light scattering.
6. Macromolecules, conformation statistics, freely-jointed and freely-rotated chain.
7. Constrained chain, local conformations, equivalent chain, persistent length of the chain.
8. Thermodynamics of polymer solutions, combinatoric entropy of mixing.
9. Enthalpy of mixing, Flory-Huggins equation.
10. Phase behavior of polymer solutions. Diluted polymer solutions, random coil conformation.
11. Flory-Fox equation, hydrodynamic properties of polymer solutions, osmotic pressure, polydispersity, polyelectrolytes, membrane and osmotic equillibria.
12. Macromolecular gels, covalently crosslinked gels, ionogenic gels, swelling behavior, physically crosslinked gels.
13. Micellar colloids

Aims

The aim of the course Physical Chemistry of Macromolecular systems is to explain kinetic properties of disperse systems, thermodynamics of polymer solutions and their applications in technologies and other fields.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

none

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme NPCP_SCH Master's

    branch NPCO_SCH , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme NKCP_SCH Master's

    branch NKCO_SCH , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme NPCP_MA Master's

    branch NPCO_MA , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme CKCP_CZV lifelong learning

    branch CKCO_CZV , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

seminars

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

eLearning

eLearning: opened course