FEKT-LMFYAcad. year: 2019/2020
The postulates of relativity and their implications, the Lorentz transformation, world lines, relativistic energy and momentum. Quantization of energy, wave properties of particles, the uncertainty principle, Hermitian operators, the Schrödinger equation, particles in potential fields, tunneling through a barrier, spin, laser principles, radiative transitions, band theory of solids.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students will have some familiarity with main ideas of relativity, with most of the important models of quantum mechanics, and with theory of deterministic chaos.
The subject knowledge on the Bachelor´s degree level is requested.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Lubomír Skála: Úvod do kvantové mechaniky ACADEMIA 2005
House J.E.: Fundamentals of Quantum Mechanics Academic Press, San Diego, London,..., 1998
Landshoff P., Metherell A.,Rees G.: Essential Quantum Physics Cambridge University Press,1999
Formánek J. : Úvod do kvantové teorie I, II, ACADEMIA, 2004 druhé rozšířené vydání.
Sartori L.: Understanding Relativity University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London, 1996
Hillborn R.C.: Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for. Scientists and Engineers, Oxford University Press, Oxford and New. York, 1994
L.Eckertová: Cesty poznávání ve fyzice Prometheus Praha 2004
Halliday D., Resnick R., Walker J.: Fyzika Vysoké učení technické v Brně Vutium, Prometheus Praha 2000
Serway R., A.: Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics Saunders College Publishing, Philadelphia, London,..., 1996
A.Einstein: Teorie relativity VUTIUM Brno 2005
Jan Horský, Stanislav Bartoň: Relativistický vesmír Ando Publishing Brno 1997
Brandt D., Hiller J., Moloney M.: Modern Physics Simulations Wiley, New York, Toronto,..., 1995
Hiller J., Johnston I., Styer D.: Quantum Mechanics Simulations Wiley, New York, Toronto,..., 1995.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Requirements for completion of a course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every year.
Language of instruction
The postulates of relativity and their implications, the Lorentz transformation, world lines, relativistic energy and momentum. The quantization of energy, the wave properties of particles, the uncertainty principle, Hermitian operators, Schrödinger equation, particles in boxes, tunneling through a barrier, spin, radiative transitions, the band theory.
Chaos in conservative and dissipative systems, deterministic chaos.
The purpose of this coarse is to introduce students to the most important ideas, concepts and laws of twentieth-century physics.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.