Basics of First Aid
FEKT-APRPAcad. year: 2019/2020
First aid is the basic procedure for immediate non-medical assistance for life-threatening conditions. The course explains the procedure for recognition of various injuries and also aims to teach students how to proceed in saving lives.
Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University Brno (LF MU)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student is able to:
- Evaluate the situation and perform basic examination
- Check the vital functions
- Perform maneuvers for clearing airways
- Undertake indirect cardiopulmonary massage
- Take steps to reduce arterial bleeding
- Treat the bleeding wounds
- Recognize the symptoms of various internal injuries
- Recognize different types of fractures, and perform proper fixation
Requires knowledge of human biology at the secondary school level. Student should be able to describe blood circulation, and orientate in the general human anatomy.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
BYDŽOVSKÝ, Jan. První pomoc. Praha: Grada, 2001. ISBN 80-247-0099-9. (CS)
CONSTANTINO, Maria. The First Aid Handbook. Bookmart, 2003. ISBN-1-85605-734-8. (EN)
ZEMAN, Miroslav. První pomoc. Praha: Galén, 1998. ISBN 80-85824-46-9. (CS)
MARSDEN, Andrew a Roy SCOTT. First aid manual : the authorised manual of St. John Ambulance, St. Andrew's Ambulance Association and the British Red Cross. 6. vyd. London: Dorling Kindersley, 1992. ISBN 0-86318-978-4. (EN)
DVOŘÁČEK, Ivan a Jaromír HRABOVSKÝ. První pomoc. 4. dopl. vyd. Praha: Avicenum, 1986. (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Credit is given for attendance and will be awarded upon successful completion of the test. The test is aimed at verifying the theoretical knowledge of first aid. The course is ended by an oral exam (colloquium).
Language of instruction
1. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in adults. Assessment, examination, evaluation of basic vital functions. Insufficient breathing, breathing failure, blockage of air passages, techniques maneouvres and aids for restoration of breathing, support beathing, artificial breathing. Cardiac arrest, blood circulation failure, indirect heart massage, precordial stroke, resuscitation, indications, length, stabilised postiion.
2. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in children. Specificities of resuscitation in children and newborns, the sequence and length. Some urgent health disorders in children.
3. Types of bleeding, stopping of bleeding, Types of wounds, treatment, arterial, venous, capillary bleeding. Pressure points, pressure bandage, rubger bandage, bleeding for body apertures, internal bleedding, shock and antishock measures. Minor injuries, scalping and loss injuries, amputations, burns, bandaging.
4. Injuries of chest and abdomen. Fractures, injuries of joints and muscles. Types of fractures, complications, immobilisation, fixation, splint techniques, injury of axial skeleton, transport.
5. Consultations, test.
The course should introduce students to the principles, policies and practical skills in first aid.