Course detail

Physics in Electrical Engineering (in English)

FIT-IFEaAcad. year: 2019/2020

The course presents the physical foundations of electrical engineering, i.e. both electronic and power
engineering. Students receive an overview of the fundamentals of mechanics of a mass point and a rigid
body, electromagnetic field theory, oscillations, waves and optics. The last lecture deals with the
introduction of quantum mechanics so that the students get acquainted with the existence of quantum
phenomena and the basic tools for their description.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The students understand basic physical concepts, laws, and processes. They are able to solve simple
problems concerning these laws and processes, and can realize simple physical experiments.


The secondary school knowledge and pre-intermediate knowledge of English are required.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

HALLIDAY, D., RESNICK, R., WALKER, J.: Fundamentals of Physics, Sixth Edition. Wiley International Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2001 (CZ)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

A short test, evaluation of protocols submitted in laboratories and a written final exam.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The main objectives are: To provide the students with the clear and logical presentation of the basic
concepts and principles of physics, in particular those used in electrical engineering, and to strengthen
an understanding of these concepts and principles through a broad range of interesting applications.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Teaching methods include lectures, seminars and practical laboratories. The course uses the support of an
e-e-learning system, which is, however, used as a repository only. Students are required to write
a homework (a single assignment) during the course. The evaluation includes the following components: 10
points - homework, 20 points - laboratories, 10 points - short test, 60 points - exam.
The extent of the evaluated education and the way in which the evaluation itself will be carried out are
specified by a public regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every
academic year.

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Contents and methods of physics, SI system of units. Basic concepts: Mass and fields. Mathematical tools:
Vector algebra and elements of differential and integral calculus. Mechanics of the mass point. Newton's
laws, momentum, work, kinetic and potential energy. Introduction to the mechanics of a rigid body.
Electric charge and electric field, Gauss' law of electrostatics. Electric potential and capacitance.
Electric current and resistance. Ohm's law. Magnetic field due to an electric current. The action of
magnetic fields on electric charges and on current-carrying conductors. Electromagnetic induction.
Maxwell's equations. Oscillations. Harmonic oscillatory motion. Mathematical and physical pendulum. Damped
oscillator. Resonance. Waves. Classification. Travelling mechanical waves. Energy and power in waves.
Acoustic waves. Doppler's effect. Electromagnetic waves. Optics. Reflection and refraction of
electromagnetic waves. Polarization. Interference and diffraction. Introduction to modern physics.


13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Laboratory exercise

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer