Course detail

Technical Thermodynamics

FAST-BJ011Acad. year: 2018/2019

The principles of thermodynamics: the development of thermodynamics, the importance of it in thermal operations in the production of building materials, the laws, the state and process variables, volume and technical work, cyclic processes, thermal diagrams, entropy and irreversibility of processes in practice.
Streaming of liquids: basic terms, energetic balance, loss in real systems.
Heat transfer: by conduction, radiation, convection, criteria of similarity.
Thermodynamics of steams: real steams and gases, thermal diagrams and application, state of steams and their changes, mixing of steam with water.
Thermodynamics of humid air: state variables, state equation, i-x diagrams and its application, changes of state, mixing of air streams, heat and mass transfer, principles of the drying process, the static of drying, balances, types of dryers, and the application of i-x diagram.
Principles of combustion: solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, components and properties, combustion static, quantity of air and of combustion products, principles of heat balances of kilns.
Energetic and ecology: energetic of building materials production, development in the world, ecological aspects of EU legislative.

Department

Institute of Technology of Building Materials and Components (THD)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Absolvent of the course is able to:
Apply The first and second law of thermodynamics in calculations of heat and work in every characteristic process of ideal gas.
Explain and use heat diagrams of water steam.
Explain and use heat diagrams of humid air.
Calculate the heat and material balance of theoretical and real dryers.
Describe various types of drying processes and dryers, define their advantages and disadvantages in therms of consumption of thermal energy.
Calculate the heat and material balance tunel kiln.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of thermal engineering, knowledge of technological processes for binders and ceramic products production, especially drying and burning processes. Physics of Building Materials

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

There is a possibility to cooperate on a projects, which are solving thermal balances.

Recommended or required reading

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Information is presented to students in the form of lectures.
Students work in seminars on assigned tasks in teams and then presents the results in the form of protocols.
Students are required to calculate specified exercises individually, the correctness of which is verified by supervisor of seminars.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Active attendance in every compulsory part of the course.
Completion submissions of all seminar reports in required length, form, quality and time.
In the credit test students have to demonstrate their abilities to apply newly acquired knowledge by calculating simple excercises. Maximum number of points which can be reached in the test is hundred, passmark is sixty.
At the end of the course there is an exam which consists of both a written and oral part.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1st Development of applied thermodynamics, significance in thermal processes of building materials manufacture, relations with energetic situation.
2nd Laws, state and technological quantities, volume work and technical work, cyclic processes.
3rd Heat diagrams, entropy, irreversibility of processes in practice.
4th Flow of liquids, terminology, energetic balance, flow loss in real systems of building materials.
5th Heat transfer by conduction, by radiation, by flow, similarity criteria.
6th Thermodynamics of vapours, real gases and vapours, heat diagrams.
7th Diagrams application, the state of vapours and their changes, mixing of vapours and of vapour with water.
8th Thermodynamics of humid air, state variables, state equations.
9th i-x diagram and its applications, state transformations, mixing of air flows,
10th Heat transmission and mass transfer, principles of the drying process, statics of drying, balances, type of dryers.
11th Solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, components of fuels, possibilities of alternative fuels, predictions concerning the securing of primary energy sources.
12th Fundamentals of combustion, combustion statics, quantity of air and of combustion gases.
13th Principles of kilns heat balance, survey of kiln units for the production of building materials, burners. Energetic and ecology: energetic of the building materials production, development in the world, environmental aspects of EU legislation.

Aims

Complete overview about the importance of heat techniques in decisive technological processes of building materials production, especially of production economy and ecological aspects. Basic outlook in national and worldwide balance of energetic resources, mastery of heat balances and of tasks connected wit heat savings solution especially in energetically most demanding processes of drying and burning, environmental responsibility improvement of building materials manufacturers to produce sustain ecologically acceptable products.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-P-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch M , 4. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme B-P-E-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch M , 4. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme B-K-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch M , 4. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1st Development of applied thermodynamics, significance in thermal processes of building materials manufacture, relations with energetic situation.
2nd Laws, state and technological quantities, volume work and technical work, cyclic processes.
3rd Heat diagrams, entropy, irreversibility of processes in practice.
4th Flow of liquids, terminology, energetic balance, flow loss in real systems of building materials.
5th Heat transfer by conduction, by radiation, by flow, similarity criteria.
6th Thermodynamics of vapours, real gases and vapours, heat diagrams.
7th Diagrams application, the state of vapours and their changes, mixing of vapours and of vapour with water.
8th Thermodynamics of humid air, state variables, state equations.
9th i-x diagram and its applications, state transformations, mixing of air flows,
10th Heat transmission and mass transfer, principles of the drying process, statics of drying, balances, type of dryers.
11th Solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, components of fuels, possibilities of alternative fuels, predictions concerning the securing of primary energy sources.
12th Fundamentals of combustion, combustion statics, quantity of air and of combustion gases.
13th Principles of kilns heat balance, survey of kiln units for the production of building materials, burners. Energetic and ecology: energetic of the building materials production, development in the world, environmental aspects of EU legislation.

seminars

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

The seminar focuses on theory and calculations. Students are required to have a calculator, ruler and pencil.
1st Introduction, Avogadro constant, ideal gasses
2nd The three basic processes of ideal gas, temperature measurement, thermal expansion
3rd First law of thermodynamics and its application in the four basic processes, calculations of heat and work
4th Second law of thermodynamics, entropy, reversile and irreversible processes, the Carnot cycle (First part)
5th Second law of thermodynamics, entropy, reversible and irreversible processes, the Carnot cycle (Second part)
6th Damp steam, saturated steam, superheated steam, basic terminology
7th Damp steam, saturated steam, superheated steam, calculations
8th Thermodynamics of humid air, terminology concerning heat diagram of humid air, simple calculations,
9th Thermodynamics of humid air, heat balance of dryers
10th Heat exchange
11th Heat balance of tunel kiln
12th Heat balance of tunel kiln, credit test
13th Credit

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