Course detail

Hydro Power Utilization

FAST-BR053Acad. year: 2018/2019

Hydro power plants – definition, terminology, division, legislative conditions required for realization and innovation of hydro power plants , types of plants considering its placement (structure and technology).
Newly built hydro power plants , reconstruction of existing hydro power plants.
Turbines for hydro power plants – types, products information.
Economic conditions for the hydro power plants construction and operation, capital cost repayment period.
Study, conceptual solution of hydro power plants constructional components. Hydrotechnical and hydroenergetical calculations.

Department

Institute of Water Structures (VST-VST)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Overview of energy balance in Czech republic and applicability of primary and secondary hydro energy potential. Elementary solution of hydro power plant and suitable types of water turbine made nowadays. Overview of basics of hydro power plant construction and operation economy.

Prerequisites

Hydraulics, weirs, dams, concrete structures, hydro power energy utilization.

Co-requisites

Metal structures in water engineering, utilizations of ecological energetic sources, project preparation of watermanagement structures.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.Hydraulic and aerodynamic models of hydrotechnical circuits elements are in teaching presented.Excursion to Laboratory of hydraulic machines Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Brno University of Technology is realized.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Successful completion of the course, exercise confirmed credit, a written test and an oral exam. The final grade will also include evaluation of the feasibility study of hydro power plant.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1.week: Energy sources. Stream water power - potential resources. Theoretical, technically applicable hydropower potential of the stream.
2.week: Natural, artificial, primary and secondary sources of waterpower. Basic types of hydropower structures and their components. Structure of energy plants in Czech republic. Development of energetics in Czech republic.
3. week: Hydro power plants division. Hydro power cascades. Efficiency of of water source.
4.week: Work and function of water power plant in electric network - loading diagram.
5. week: Hydro-energetic solution of the run-off river hydro power plant.
6.week: Classification and typed of water turbines. Kaplan, Francise and Pelton turbines.
7.week: Spiral casing of water turbines. Suction pipes of water turbines. Suction head. Cavitation.
8.week: Intake structures of pressureless and pressure hydropower structures. Rules of design and types of intake structures. Solution of foreground of intakes, skimmer walls. Pipe lines of hydro power plants. Design of profiles of water power canals and pressure pipes.
9.week: Direct and indirect hydraulic shock. Compensating chambers, their function and types.
10.week: Constructional part of hydro power plant. Buildings of hydro power plant - types of engine room according to construction and placement. Complete spatial solution. Substructure of engine room – function, basic types of engine set supporting systems. Upper part of the engine room – function, construction types.
11.week: Excursion in hydraulic laboratory of Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Brno University of Technology is realized.

Aims

Overview of energy balance in CZ and applicability of primar hydro energy potential. Elementary solution of small hydro power plant and suitable types of water turbine made nowadays. Overview of basics of SHPP construction and operation economy.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-P-E-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch V , 4. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme B-P-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch V , 4. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory-optional

  • Programme B-K-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch V , 4. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1.week: Energy sources. Stream water power - potential resources. Theoretical, technically applicable hydropower potential of the stream.
2.week: Natural, artificial, primary and secondary sources of waterpower. Basic types of hydropower structures and their components. Structure of energy plants in Czech republic. Development of energetics in Czech republic.
3. week: Hydro power plants division. Hydro power cascades. Efficiency of of water source.
4.week: Work and function of water power plant in electric network - loading diagram.
5. week: Hydro-energetic solution of the run-off river hydro power plant.
6.week: Classification and typed of water turbines. Kaplan, Francise and Pelton turbines.
7.week: Spiral casing of water turbines. Suction pipes of water turbines. Suction head. Cavitation.
8.week: Intake structures of pressureless and pressure hydropower structures. Rules of design and types of intake structures. Solution of foreground of intakes, skimmer walls. Pipe lines of hydro power plants. Design of profiles of water power canals and pressure pipes.
9.week: Direct and indirect hydraulic shock. Compensating chambers, their function and types.
10.week: Constructional part of hydro power plant. Buildings of hydro power plant - types of engine room according to construction and placement. Complete spatial solution. Substructure of engine room – function, basic types of engine set supporting systems. Upper part of the engine room – function, construction types.
11.week: Excursion in hydraulic laboratory of Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Brno University of Technology is realized.

Exercise

39 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. to 2. week: Hydroenergetic solution of constant load hydro power plant on the basis of hydrological data and terrain morphology.
3. to 4. week: Choosing of the right type of turbines, number of turbines, vertical location of, suction head.
5. to 7. week: The layout of the water power plant.
8. week: Location and shape of the turbine or pipe intake and draught tube.
9. week: Design of lifting and handling equipment of the hydro power plant.
10. week: Generator solving, measurement and control of the non-electric values.
11. week: Quantities statement of construction and technological design.