Medical Imaging Systems
FEKT-BPC-ZSLAcad. year: 2020/2021
The basic theory of imaging process and general quantitative evaluation of its quality. Fundamentals physical and technical aspects of structure specific imaging systems. Clinical application of medical imaging systems.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
After passing of the course student can describe all clinically used imaging systems. Student knows physical principles, constructional aspects and clinical use of different imaging systems.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Drastich,A.: Netelevizní zobrazovací systémy. Skriptum FEI VUT v Brně, 2001 (CS)
Drastich,A.: Tomografické zobrazovací systémy. Skriptum FEKT VUT v Brně, 2004 (CS)
Zuna,I., Poušek,L.: Úvod do zobrazovacích metod v lékařské diagnostice.Skriptum ČVUT Praha, 2000 (CS)
Zang-Hee, Cho., Jones, Joi,P., Singh Manbir.: Foundations of Medical Imaging. Wiley, 1993 (EN)
Hendee, W, R., Ritenour, E,R.: Medical Imaging Physics, Wiley-Liss, 2002 (EN)
Bushberg, J.T., Seibert, J. A., Leidhotl, E.M.jr., Boone J.M.: The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging, third edition. Wolters Kluwer - 2012. ISBN: 0781780578 (EN)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Language of instruction
1. History of medical imaging and its development. Basic terms of medical imaging theory, 2D systems, image quality of imaging systems, basic qualitative and quantitative parameters.
2. Physical principles of medical imaging in general.
3. X-ray imaging systems - X-ray tube, detection of X-rays, construction of X-ray systems, image quality.
4. Fluoroscopy, mammography and other methods using the X-rays.
5. Computed tomography (CT) - introduction, image reconstruction, historical development of CT systems.
6. CT systems - construction, helical CT, multi-slice CT, dual-energy CT.
7. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - physical principle of nuclear magnetic resonance, basic experiments, Bloch's equations.
8. MRI - pulse sequences, hardware of MRI scanner.
9. Nuclear medicine imaging - differences between emission and transmission imaging, planar gamagraphy, Anger camera.
10. Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) - definition, image reconstruction, attenuation correction, image quality.
11. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) - definition, coincidence detection, attenuation correction. Hybrid systems - PET/CT, SPECT/CT, PET/MRI.
12. Ultrasound imaging - physics of ultrasound, wave equation, imaging modes.
13. Medical imaging using electromagnetic radiation in visible light - endoscopy and infrared part of spectrum - thermography.
Introduce students with physical and technical principles the most important medical imaging systems.
Classification of course in study plans