Therapeutic and Prothetic Technology
FEKT-BPC-TPTAcad. year: 2020/2021
Basic therapeutical approaches, physical therapy. Effect mechanisms of physical therapy. Principles and design of devices and therapeutical and surgical systems – exploitation of ionizing and non-onizing radiation, ultrasound, low temperatures. Therapeutical effects on human organism. Support and replacement of organs.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student is able to:
- Explain the principles of physical therapy,
- Explain the impact of physical fields and describe their effects on the human body,
- Explain the principle of electrical stimulation and specify types of stimulators, including their usage,
- Describe the use of ultrasound in the treatment and its effects, indicate structural design of ultrasonic probes and devices,
- Indicate the possibility of using electromagnetic field therapy (diathermy, radiotherapy), to explain the principles of the method, to design simple applicators,
- Describe the effect of low temperatures on human tissue, describe the technical solutions of cryocauters,
- Describe the principle of support heart function and kidney function, explain technical solutions apparatus for these purposes,
- Explain the principle of hearing aids, indicate their types, propose a method of speech signal processing,
- Explain the role of computers in planning and management of therapy, give specific examples.
Knowledge at secondary school level and of completed subjects in the study area
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Poděbradský J, Vařeka I: Fyzikální terapie (2 díly), Grada Publishing 1998. (CS)
Rozman J.: Terapeutická technika. Skripta VUT FEI,Brno 2000 (CS)
Bronzino,J.D.et al: The Biomedical Engineering Handbook. CRC Press,Boca Raton 2000 (EN)
Múčka,V.: Aplikace radiačních metod. ČVUT FJFI,Praha 1992 (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Students must obtain at least 50 points out of 100 in the sub-activities:
1. laboratory tasks (min 15 points, max 30 points)
2. final exam (min 35 points, max 70 points).
Students are assessed in the laboratory, where they must demonstrate competence in the design part of the therapy equipment and measuring parameters of therapeutic devices. The final test checks student’s knowledge about the effects of physical fields on the human body and therapeutic technique.
Language of instruction
1. Principles of therapy, physical therapy,
2. Effects of therapeutic procedures on the human body,
3. Electrical stimulation of muscles and organs,
4. Pacemakers, gastro- and uro-stimulators,
5. Ultrasound physical therapy, aerosology,
6. High-frequency heating of tissues, hyperthermia, electrotomy,
7. Radiotherapy nuclides and accelerated electrons, gamma knife,
8. Cryosurgery, principles and technical equipment solutions,
9. Support for a replacement heart function, extracorporeal circulation,
10. Support of renal function, hemodialysis and hemofiltration,
11. Support for sensors, digital hearing aids, cochlear and visual neuroprosthesis,
12. Computer planning and management of therapy.
To provide the students with understanding of the basic therapeutical principles and design of therapeutical and surgical electronic systems, support and replacement of organs.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Laboratory exercises are mandatory, properly excused missed lectures can be compensated individually after discussion with teacher.