Course detail

Nuclear Power Engineering

FSI-EJEAcad. year: 2018/2019

The subject makes the students familiar with the elementary principles of nuclear energy conversion into the thermal, mechanical and electrical energies and with the fundamental and detailed design of reactors and nuclear power plant equipment where the above conversions of energies take place. Attention is devoted to the fundaments of nuclear fuel preparation, manufacture, reprocessing, storage and transmutation and nuclear wastes management with regard to the Czech Atomic Law. Safety, technical tools to meet the safety requirements as well as enviromental problems of nuclear power plants are studied. Ways of nuclear power plant upgrades by passive safety systems are analysed.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

This subject learn students bases of nuclear energetics to undertant its society development importance, to be well informed in various concepts of nuclear reactors and power stations and to observe nuclear safety and effectiveness. Further students learn basis of nuclear fuel cycle.

Prerequisites

Power equipments heat circulation, energy transformations, heat transfer.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

KLIK, František a Jaroslav DALIBA. Jaderná energetika. Vyd. 2. Praha: Vydavatelství ČVUT, 2002, 189 s. ISBN 80-010-2550-0.
DOLEŽAL, Jaroslav, Jiří ŠŤASTNÝ, Jan ŠPETLÍK, Stanislav BOUČEK a Zbyněk BRETTSCHNEIDER. Jaderné a klasické elektrárny. Vyd. 1. Praha: České vysoké učení technické v Praze, 2011, 259 s. ISBN 978-80-01-04936-5.
STACEY, Weston M. Nuclear reactor physics. 2nd ed., completely rev. and enlarged. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, c2007, xxviii, 706 s. ISBN 978-3-527-40679-1.
Sazima, Kmoníček, Schneller a kol.: Teplo. SNTL 1989
Butterworth-Heinemann:Nuclear energy: an introduction to the concepts, systems, and applications of nuclear processes.Boston 2001. 5th ed.490 s. ISBN 0-7506-7136-X
MURRAY, Raymond L. Nuclear energy: an introduction to the concepts, systems, and applications of nuclear processes. 6th ed. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2008. ISBN 978-012-3705-471

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Credit: Active seminars attendance. Active solving of assigned problems.
Exam: Written + oral. The aim of exam is to check students knowledge of lectured subject matter. Written exam consist in solving of 3 problems. Oral exam checks theoretical knowledge of students in nuclear energetics problems.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Aims

The aim of this subject is to inform students
about nuclear power engineering basis, nuclear fuel cycles basis
and its development aproaches. Further aim is to teach students
several important nuclear reactors designs, nuclear safety and
introduce some relations between nuclear power engineering and
environment.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Lecture attendance is not obligatory.
Credit attendance is obligatory and it will be checked. Maximum number of nonexcused absences are 2. In case of higher absence is the student obligated to do an individual work in accordance with teachers requirements.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B3S-P Bachelor's

    branch B-EPP , 3. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Basic definions, radioactive transmutations.
2. Nuclear reactions and its characteristics.
3. Nucleus fission, fission balance, crossections.
4. Types and construction of nuclear reactors.
5. Nuclear reactor calculation bases, crytical equation, equation of 4 coefficients.
6. Reactor control, measurement and screening.
7. Nuclear power stations with PWR, BWR, FBR, HTGR, ADTT types of reactor.
8. Nuclear chain fission reation kinetics, heat generation and removal.
9. Reactor operation and control, core materials.
10. Nuclear power stations machine equimpent
11. Nuclear spent fuel treatment, fuel cycles.
12. Nuclear safety, defence in depth principles.
13. nuclear energetics development prospects, nuclear transmutations.

seminars

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Basic definions.
2. Calculation of nuclear reactions.
3. Fuel nucleus fission balance.
4. Nuclear reactors charakteristic.
5. Nuclear reactor crytical parameters calculation.
6. Reactor control equipment.
7. Nuclear reactor start-up, performance and shut-down.
8. Reactor heat generation calculation.
9. Reactor cooling calculation.
10. Nuclear power stations machine equimpent
11. Calculation of nuclear plant heat cycle.
12. Nuclear safety in relation to reactor practical performance.
13. Nuclear transmutations technology and equipment introduction.