Technology of Biopolymers
FCH-BCO_TBPAcad. year: 2018/2019
In the course of Biopolymers Technology students will be introduced to the basic industrially used biopolymers. They will be provided with basic information about the technology involved biopolymers from biological matrices, technological, economic and ecological requirements of the different stages of production. In addition, students will be introduced to the basic physico-chemical-biological properties of these biopolymers, especially in relation to their potential use. Will be mentioned a significant modification of native biopolymers and their fields of use. The course covers the basic principles of analysis and control of acquired biopolymers.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
After completing the course Biopolymer Technology student will understand the problems and the most important properties as well as production of technologically significant biopolymers. Simultaneously through the generalization isolation procedures, derivatization and applications of these biopolymers student will be able to transfer this information into practice and will form the basis for further professional development in the field of biological macromolecules. At the same time expected to create a sufficient basis for further study of the issue of biopolymers.
organic and physical chemistry; Principals of process enginnering
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Kadlec P. a kol.: Technologie sacharidů, VŠCHT, Praha 2000 (CS)
Čopíková J. : Chemie a analytika sacharidů, VŠCHT, Praha 1997 (CS)
Vandamme E. J., Steinbüchel A.: Biopolymers Vol. 5-6. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim 2002. (EN)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course uses teaching methods in form of Lecture - 2 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Examination: written and oral route - student demonstrates knowledge through a logical understanding of the subject matter.
Language of instruction
1) Biopolymers - synopsis, history.
2) Starch:sources, types, starch granules, technological production, mian starch derivatives.
3) Cellulose and pulp: cellulose and its structure, properties of cellulose fibers, main cellulose derivatives, types of pul technology.
4) Hyaluronic acid: basic properties of hyaluronan, biogenesis of hyaluronan, technology and isolation, derivatization of hyaluronan.
5) Chitin and Chitosan: basic properties, biogenesis of chitin, technology of gaining and isolation from sea animals, main chitin and chitosan derivatives.
6) Collagen: basic properties of collagen fibres, primary, secondary, tertiary a quaternary structures of collagen, principles of technological gainig of collagen from bones and skins, collagen derivatives, industrial use of collagen.
7) Another proteins: Keratin, Elastin, Casein, Insulin: structure, technological gaining of different protein types.
8) Latex, rubber: basic structural units, biogenesis, gaining, vulcanization, application.
9) Pectin: gaining, structure, properties, toxicity.
10) Polyhydroxyalkanoates: properties, enviro-economical consequences.
11) beta-Glucans: fungous and cereal sources, structures, gain and use
12) Bio-nonBio: polyethylene glycol, polylactic acid, polyglycolic acid
13) Biopolymer separation: selected analytical and industrial separation techniques.
14) Molecular evolution: how this (probably) started.
The objectives of the course „Technology of biopolymers“are: Basic survey on manufacture, treatment and properties of common biopolymers, mainly polysaccharides and proteins. An emphasis is put on the physico-chemical principles of industrial technologies. Macromolecular chemistry explanation of properties of raw materials, semi finished products and final products.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Classification of course in study plans
- Programme BKCP_CHCHT Bachelor's
branch BKCO_SCH , 3. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory
- Programme BPCP_CHCHT Bachelor's
- Programme CKCP_CZV lifelong learning
branch CKCO_CZV , 1. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory