Course detail


FSI-ZTRAcad. year: 2017/2018

The overall aim of the course is to provide students with theoretical and practical knowledge of friction, wear and lubrication processes that take place in mechanical engineering systems and play important role at machine design, production and maintenance. The course is focused on the following topics: Surface interaction and friction theory; Tribological properties of materials; Lubricant and their properties; Hydrodynamic, hydrostatic, elastohydrodynamic, mixed and boundary lubrication; Nano- and microtribology; Tribology application in mechanical design. Laboratory exercises and seminars in computer labs allow to demonstrate tools for tribological engineering and practical application of theoretical knowledge in the design phase.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Theoretical and practical knowledge of friction, wear and lubrication processes on the macro- and microscopic scale. Their application in mechanical engineering design. Materials and lubricant selection from the point of minimization and elimination of losses resulting from friction and wear.


Knowledge in area of material science, strength of materials, machine design and hydromechanics


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

STACHOWIAK, G. W. a A. W. BATCHELOR. Engineering tribology. Fourth edition. Oxford: Elsevier/Butterworth-Heinemann, 2014. [cit. 2019-08-30] ISBN 0123970474. [Online] Dostupná z: (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures. Teaching is suplemented by practical laboratory work.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Course-unit credit is awarded on the following conditions: active participation in the seminars, good results of elaborated laboratory and computational exercises.
Examination: is composed of a test containing multiple choice questions and oral examination.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The course covers fundamental principles of tribology, multidisciplinary science which focuses on interacting surfaces in relative motion.The course provides theoretical and practical knowledge of friction, lubrication and wear, that are taking place in mechanical engineering systems and are essential in the design, production and maintenance.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance at lectures is recommended, attendance at seminars is mandatory. The lessons are planned on the basis of a weekly schedule. The way of compensation for an absence is fully at the discretion of the teacher.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2I-P Master's

    branch M-KSI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



10 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Introduction to tribology, its significance and historical development. Tribological system and processes.
2. Lubrication principles. Regimes of fluid film lubrication. Composition of lubricants and their manufacturing. Types of lubricating oil additives and their use.
3. Classifications of liquid lubricants. Oils for mobile machinery and industry.
4. Technological lubricants. Lubricants in the process of machining and forming.
5. Plastic and solid lubricants. Tribological surface layers.
6. Hydrodynamic lubrication.
7. Elastohydrodynamic and mixed lubrication.
8. Boundary lubrication. Mechanisms of boundary film formation. Lubricant additives.
Determination of lubricant film thickness in rolling bearings, gears and traction drives.
9. Wear.
10. Tribology of thin rigid layers, films and coatings. Tribology of filters and devices for cleaning of industrial fluids.
11. Characteristics and current tribological problems of microelectromechanical (MEMS) devices.
12. Tribological of biosystems.

Computer-assisted exercise

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Hertzian contact theory. Parameters of the contact.
2. Elastohydrodynamic lubrication. Unit-less parameters and relations for the film thickness prediction.
3. Calculation of the lambda parameter, estimation the the lubrication regime and prediction of friction.

labs and studios

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Case study focused on one of the following topics:
1. Demonstration of pressure distribution across the film of oil in a Michell tilting pad slider bearing. Aerodynamic gas bearing demnostration.
2. Viscosity measurements with capillary, 'Falling Ball' and rotational viscometers.
3. Determining of the film thickness distribution in elastohydrodynamic lubricated contacts using the optical tribometer.
4. Application of high-speed camera to study the rheology and dynamic phenomena in elastohydrodynamic lubricated contacts.
5. Topography of engineering surfaces, its description and measurement using optical methods.
6. The traction curves assessment using 'Mini traction machine'. Dry friction measurement on inclined plane tribometer.