Course detail

Design of Instruments I

FSI-TK1Acad. year: 2017/2018

The course familiarises students with the design of basic optical systems and apparatus. Knowing the basic principles they will be able to design elementary instruments.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will be made familiar with concrete optical equipment. They will learned how to operate them and how to perform the maintenance. They will gain the fundamental overview of the field.


Refractive index, Snell's law, dispersion, light refraction in plan-parallel plate, Gaussian space, graphic determination of the image position, lens maker’s equation (Newton, Gauss, Gullstrand), spherical faces, lenses, Fresnel equations for refraction, mirrors, aberrations of optical systems.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Yoder, P.: Mounting optics in optical instruments, SPIE Bellingham, 2008
Keprt, E.: Teorie optických přístrojů I, II
Harna, Z.: Přesná mechanika
Edwards, K., McKee R.: Fundamentals of mechanical component design, McGraw-Hill, 1991.
Havelka, B.: Geometrická optika II
Yoder, P.: Mounting optics in optical instruments, SPIE Bellingham, 2008

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Active participation in seminars (75%) and three written tests. Exam: written.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the basic properties of optical materials from the geometrical-optics point of view, processes taking place at the interface of the optically isotropic environments, and properties of real optical components and their combination. Students will be able to apply this basic knowledge of geometrical optics in design and construction of optical systems.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance at practicals is obligatory. Absence may be compensated for by the agreement with the teacher depending on the length of absence.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2A-P Master's

    branch M-FIN , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory-optional
    branch M-PMO , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Eye - its angular resolution, spectral and energetic sensitivity, accommodation, aberrations and their corrections.
Visual optical instruments (subjective and objective) - principles, approximate calculations, characteristic properties (magnification, resolution, field of view, aperture, depth of displayed space etc.).
Construction and used optical elements.
Subjective visual instruments - eye-glasses, magnifying glass, field glasses (reversal system), microscope (illumination systems), distance meter (types).
Objective visual apparatuses - photographic (f-number, field depth, resolution), magnifying and projecting (condenser principle).
Basic laboratory instruments - types, principles, application for measurement of physical quantities.
Interferometers (int. comparators, refractometers, spectroscopes).

Computer-assisted exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


PC support of the course - design and drawings of selected apparatuses.