Course detail

Virtual Prototypes

FSI-QVPAcad. year: 2017/2018

Virtual prototypes significantly reduce the time for motor vehicles development. Prototypes enable to prove and optimize vehicle properties before a real prototype is made . Engineers mastering this area are demanded on the labour market. Students in this course will be made familiar with theoretical but also practical knowledge in this field. Software ADAMS was chosen for the practical part of the course, as it is one of the most widely used software for vehicle dynamics analysis.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will have a clear idea of which problems are possible to solve with the multi-body software, what data are necessary, what outputs we are able to get. Students will learn how to build virtual prototypes by themselves.


Matrix calculus. Basic knowledge of numerical mathematics and technical mechanics, kinematics, dynamics.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

STEJSKAL, V., VALÁŠEK, M. Kinematics and dynamics of machinery. Marcel Dekker, Inc. 1996. ISBN 0-8247-9731-0 (EN)
STEJSKAL, V., VALÁŠEK, M. Kinematics and dynamics of machinery. Marcel Dekker, Inc. 1996. ISBN 0-8247-9731-0 (EN)
SCHIEHLEN, W. (ed.) Multibody Systems Handbook. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1990 (EN)
ADAMS/View. [on-line Adams software manual] MSC.Software Corporation. (EN)
SCHIEHLEN, W. (ed.) Dynamics of High-Speed Vehicles. Wien-New York: Springer-Verelag, 1982 (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The course-unit credit requirements:
Mastering fundaments of lectured problems and practical realizations of computations using computer technology and software tools, knowledge applying is examined on assigned problems, individual elaboration of the assigned tasks without fundamental deficits. Continuous evaluation is made at seminars.
Examination is based on evaluation of knowledge of fundamental problems, ways of solutions and its applications in exercises.
The exam consists of a written part (test) and an oral part. Final evaluation consists of: 1. Evaluation of the work on seminars (elaborated tasks). 2. Result of the writing part of the exam (test). 3. Result of the oral part of the exam.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The aim of the course is to make students familiar with theoretical and practical knowledge of virtual prototypes. They will learn of multi-body software and its development trends.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance at seminars is obligatory, checked by a teacher. The way of compensation of absence is solved individually with a course provider.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2I-P Master's

    branch M-ADI , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory
    branch M-KSI , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Introduction (multi-body (MB) formalism and other technologies)
2. Basic tapes of models
3. Basic elements of MB system simulation software and modelling process
4. Reference frames, location and orientations methods
5. Numerical Solution - Nonlinear system of Equations
6. Numerical Solution - System of ordinary Differential Equations
7. Closed kinematic chains - Redundant coordinate problem
8. Number of Degrees of Freedom - Impact on Modelling
9. Analysis
10. Software Solution
11. Special Modelling Elements (Tyres)
13. New trends

Computer-assisted exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Sample problem - Latch Design Problem (1st – 7th week)
Students solve problem under direct guidance of lecturer and have at disposal tutorial
2. Individual problems solving - Five Link Suspension (8th – 12th week)
Students solve problem individually and could consult with lecturer.
3. Overview of ADAMS modules (13th week)