FSI-FLEAcad. year: 2017/2018
Introduction, problem of flying and its solving. Theoretical basis of Aerodynamics and Flight Mechanics. International Standard Atmosphere, wing profiles. Aerodynamic parameters of wings and aeroplanes, flight operation and flight characteristics. The main parts of aeroplanes. Airworthiness requirements. The effects of load on an aeroplane. The basics of stress analysis of typical aeroplane parts. Materials for aeroplane structures.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students will learn how to determine the basic aerodynamic parameters, flight operation and flight characteristics of a typical aircraft. They will consider the structural design from the point of view of the strength and airworthiness requirements.
The basic knowledge of mechanics, structure and strength.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Brož,V.:: Aerodynamika nízkých rychlostí, , 0
Daněk,M.:: Aerodynamika pro piloty, , 0
Cutler,J.: Understanding Aircraft Structures, Wiley-Blackwell; 4 edition, ISBN-13: 978-1405120326, India, 2006 (EN)
Niu,M.C.Y.: Airframe Structural Design: Practical Design Information and Data on Aircraft Structures, Adaso/Adastra Engineering Center; 2nd edition, ISBN-13: 978-9627128090, 2011 (EN)
Píštěk,A.a kol:: Pevnost a životnost I, , 0
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Conditions for obtaining the course-unit credit: participation in the course (80% at the minimum). The essential exam is written (theoretical part and practical exercises), the oral verification follows.
Language of instruction
The goal is to make students familiar with the basics of theoretical and practical aircraft aerodynamics. Students will acquire basic knowledge of airworthiness requirements and strength calculations of main aircraft parts. They will be able to make a proper choice as for the conception, structure and material for the aircraft design.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Lectures and seminars are compulsory, and the attendance (80% at the minimum) is recorded. The absence (in justifiable cases) may be compensated after personal consultation with the lecturer and elaboration of individually assigned topics and exercises. Individual assignments must be finished and handed in credit week course-unit credits are awarded at the latest.
Type of course unit
26 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
1. Introduction to aircraft structures.
2. Theoretical basics of flight. Physical properties of the atmosphere. International standard atmosphere.
3. Airflow and aerodynamic forces and moments.
4. Properties of airfoil sections, wings and airplanes. Viscosity and compressibility of the airflow.
5. Flight performance and characteristics. Stability and control.
6. Types of aircraft. Airworthiness requirements. Flight envelope.
7. Wing, fuselage, flaps, tail surfaces, landing gear system, pressurized fuselage.
8. Loadings imposed on the aircraft on the ground and in the air.
9. Loading of weight and inertial forces.
10. Basics of stress analysis of typical thin-walled structure.
11. Stability of rods and walls.
12. Capacity of aircraft structure.
13. Materials used in aviation.
13 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
1. International standard atmosphere.
2. Bernoulli’s eq., airspeed measurements.
3. Example of measurements in the wind tunnel.
4. Aerodynamic characteristics of airfoils.
5. Wing of finite span, induced speed and drag.
6. Types of aircraft. (Illustration using brochures and videos).
7. Calculation of manoeuvring and gust envelope.
8. Calculation of forces and moments imposed on the simple wing.
9. Calculation of critical loads for rods and walls using tables and software applications.
10. Check of the calculation by laboratory tests.
11. Beam with thin web.
12. Capacity by method of reduction coefficients.
13. Example of a static test of a tail surface in the lab.