Basic principles of physiology
FCH-BCT_ZFAcad. year: 2017/2018
The content of this course are basic topics from physiology and anatomy of individual systems in human organism. Following topics will be discussed: Composition of human body, cell theory. Composition of biomembranes, membrane transport. The human body, basic types of tissues. Skeleton, structure and function. Trophic tissue - blood. Blood components - erythrocytes, leukocythes, thrombocytes; blood groups and Rh factor. Blood coagulation. Homeostasis, water content regulation, thermoregulation. Immunity system, non-specific immunity, specific immunity - antibodies. Development of white blood cells. Heart activity, circulation. Lymphatic system. Physiology of muscle cell, mechanism of muscle contraction, regulation. Physiology of ventilation, acidobasic status. Digestive system - production of digestive enzymes, regulation. Metabolism of basic nutrition components. Physiology of liver and pancreas. Metaboism of basic nutrients - proteins, saccharides, lipids. Excretion system - kidneys, regulation of homeostatis, water management. Reproduction system, spermiogenesis, oogenesis. Central regulatory systems of human organism. Central and peripheral nervous system, cerebrus - components; cerebral activity. Endocrinne system, regulation of hormone secretion, mechanisms of hormone activity. Sense systems.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Understanding of of physiological and pathological processes of cells, tissues and organs.
Knowledge of high school biology of human.
First specialized subject of Chemistry for medical applications. Knowledge of this subject is a prerequisite for passing biochemistry, microbiology, biotechnology and molecular genetics.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Nečas E.: Obecná patologická fyziologie. 3.vyd., Karolinum Praha, 2009. (CS)
Sobotka P.: Patologická fyziologie - cvičení. 3.vyd., Karolinum Praha, 2005. (CS)
Mourek J.: Fyziologie. Grada, Praha 2005. (CS)
Rokyta R.: Fyziologie. 2.vyd. ISV, Praha 2008. (CS)
Karlson P. et al: Pathobiochemie. Academia Praha, 1987. (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course uses teaching methods in form of lecture (2 teaching hours per week). The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
The exam is written. It is examined the understanding of the explained concepts, their relations and selected figures as well as theories.
Language of instruction
1. History of physiology. Hierarchy of living systems, cell theory. Cells, tissues, organs, organisms. Cell physiology.
2. Trophic tissue - blood. Transport. Blood components - erythrocytes, leukocythes, thrombocytes. Heart activity, circulation. Lymphatic system.
3. Immunity system. Development of white blood cells. Antibodies.
4. Physiology of muscle cell, mechanism of muscle contraction, regulation.
5. Physiology of ventilation, acidobasic status.
6. Excretion system - kidneys, regulation of homeostatis, water management.
7. Reproduction system, spermiogenesis, oogenesis.
8. Digestive system - production of digestive enzymes, regulation. Metabolism of basic nutrition components. Physiology of liver and pancreas.
9. Physiology of sense systems.
10. Central and peripheral nervous system, cerebral activity.
11. Main regulation systems of organism - endocrinne system, regulation of hormone secretion, mechanisms of hormone activity.
12. Patophysiology of tumor tissues.
The aim of this course is to introduce information about basic physiological functions of cells, organs, and organ systems of the human body including their interactions.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Type of course unit
26 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer